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2016年分阶段考试实证研究工作第一阶段医学综合笔试大纲(外科学)-

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positi on-related consum ption of civil s ervants has be en sw ept by fina nc e, cons umer, regar dles s of cost, extravagance a nd waste i n the civil servi ce positi on -related consum ption, abuse, corr uption and embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s importa nt. The n, under the conditions of market econom y, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on ma nagement, expl ores a s our ce to prevent and curb t he post cons umption corruption way, is curre ntly a major is sue face d by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on thi s iss ue, thi s problem on some hum ble opini ons. First, the exi sting public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main probl ems see n from the investigati on a nd reas ons, in re cent years , publi c servants ' duty consumpti on caused by t he abuse s and not a pers on of integrit y, is one of the major pr obl ems in the party in G overnme nt, its operation order have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ous ly damaging t he image of the party and t he G overnment, undermini ng the relationshi p bet ween party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomi c constr uction. From I County in re ce nt years of gover nance sit uation see, positions cons umpti on i n the produce d of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a feat ures : a is positi ons cons umption system l ost has due of binding, rig ht is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phenome non more highlig ht; II i s in positi ons cons umption in t he Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consum pti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill corporate poi nts to int o per sonal points to, makes positi ons cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions e njoy a nd s elf-deali ng of means; thre e is to positions cons umpti on for name, fraud, false im pers onator, Trend of negative corruption phenomena such as corr upti on a nd misa ppr opriati on; four pala ces , follow t he fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consum ption be came a symbol of s howi ng off their individual capa cities. Caus ed by public servants ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nome non i n w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the officia l car pr oblems . Mai nly in thre e aspects: one is the larger bus es cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statisti cs, until November 2003 , XX County towns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles , and showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina nci al expe nses cost per bus per year to 35,0 00 yua n, and in fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yua n. Some units al so hiri ng temporary drivers and expe ndit ure on wages a nd s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendant s", leading to larger expens es. Se cond, gongchesiy ong bree d unhe althy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one-t hird lea ding private one -thir d use d for official purpose s. Some public s ervants, e spe cially lea ding official s motori ng, car s for private pur poses, vi olating the self-di sci pline regulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statisti cs from related departments , since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

2016 年中医执业医师资格考试分阶段考试实证研究工作 第一阶段医学综合笔试大纲 外科学
单元 细目 (1)无菌术 1.概述 (2)灭菌 (3)消毒 2.手术器械和物品的消 一、无菌术 毒与灭菌 3.手术人员和病人手术 区域的准备 4.手术进行中的无菌原 则 常用的灭菌法和消毒法 (1)手术人员和病人的准备 (2)洗手、穿无菌手术衣和戴无菌手套 (3)病人手术区的准备 手术进行中的无菌原则 (1)体液的组成 1.概述 二、外科病 人的体液和 酸碱平衡失 调 2.体液的失调 (2)体液的分布 (3)水代谢 (4)体液平衡的调节 (1)各型缺水的临床表现、诊断和防治 (2)低钾血症和高钾血症的原因、临床表现、 诊断和防治 3.酸碱平衡的失调 4.临床处理的基本原则 1.输血的适应症、输血 三、输血 技术和注意事项 2.输血的并发症及防治 各种酸碱失衡的病因、临床表现、诊断和治疗 体液失调的综合防治方法 (1)输血适应症 (2)输血注意事项 输血并发症的临床表现、原因、治疗、预防 (1)休克的定义 四、外科休 克 (2)休克的分类 1.概述 (3)休克的病理生理变化 (4)休克的临床表现 (5)休克的监测
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accidents, 1, 1 pe ople kil led a nd dir ect economic l osse s amounting to mor e than 1 00,0 00 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and low cost of the bus. Survey s show that, the operating costs of taxis for the 8 200 /... I s a fundamental pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consum ption average s three years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basi s of this si ngle pra ctice s must be im proved. Improveme nts to a dhere t o three pri nci ples : first, under the ex isti ng policy pr ovisi ons a ppr oved for publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, i s not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, accordi ng to the l ocal financial situati on a nd people's s ustai nabilit y, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption standards a ppr oved, both fina nci al reach, and pe ople passi ng through. Third, accordi ng to the operational needs of civil se rvants re s ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 and l ow positi ons, but als o the nat ure of the work and the w orkloa d. In reform of method S hang, approved civil servants positions consum ption standard t o "big unified, and small dis perse d" suita ble, that most positi ons cons umpti on proje ct s hould a ccordi ng to poli cy pr ovides proposed unified standard, consi der to ra nks, a nd unit s and the work ta sk of differences sex, unified of standard s hould has elasti c of and dynamic of, m akes regions, a nd units in implementati on unifie d standard S hi ha s must of flexible dis pos al right; but since s et of standard must after fina ncial, and audit, se ctor a udit a ppr oved H ou to impl ementation. (C) reform pa ckage. Public servants ' duty cons umption elasti city of consumpti on t o limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess into kit che n after di nne r, foll ow the civil servant with a how to use pers onal title s ubsi dies, or how t o manage a personal dut y consum ption us e of s ubsi dies . Therefore, we m ust esta blis h and perfect with publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governance systems such as t he civil servi ce examinati on of respons ibilit y, system, l ow fault investigati on sy stem, the re port sai d. Whil e other measure s to kee p up. Discipline i nspection a nd s upervision orga ns, fina nci al, auditing departme nts s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on and ins pe ction of publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption monetization reform progre ss, to strengthen the reform of publi c servant s ' duty cons umption monetization system, meas ures to devel op a nd monitor t he impleme ntation of inspe ction, not cons umption as re qui red, even shifting consumer be havior to stop, serious case s to deal with. Three idea s, publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politics, the economy a nd the de epe ning of the reform, publi c serva nts ' duty cons umpti on as somew here betwee n a reform als o de m onstrated it s importance a nd urgency. First of all, civ il serva nts es peci ally party a nd G overnme nt leader s and publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

要点

positi on-related consum ption of civil s ervants has be en sw ept by fina nce, cons umer, regar dles s of cost, extravagance a nd waste i n the civil servi ce positi on-related consum ption, abuse, corr uption and embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s importa nt. The n, under the conditions of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on ma nagement, expl ores a s our ce to prevent and curb t he post cons umption corruption way, is curre ntly a major is sue face d by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on thi s iss ue, thi s problem on some hum ble opini ons. First, the exi sting public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main probl ems see n from the investigati on a nd reas ons, in re cent years , publi c servants ' duty consumpti on caused by t he abuse s and not a pers on of integrit y, is one of the major pr obl ems in the party in G overnme nt, its operation order have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ous ly damaging t he image of the party and t he G overnment, undermini ng the relationshi p bet ween party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomi c constr uction. From I County in re ce nt years of gover nance sit uation see, positions cons umpti on i n the produce d of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system l ost has due of binding, rig ht is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phenome non more highlig ht; II i s in positi ons cons umption in t he Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill corporate poi nts to int o per sonal points to, makes positi ons cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions e njoy a nd s elf -deali ng of means; thre e is to positions cons umpti on for name, fraud, false im pers onator, Trend of negative corruption phenomena such as corr upti on a nd misa ppr opriati on; four pala ces , follow t he fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consum ption be came a sy mbol of s howi ng off their individual capa cities. Caus ed by public servants ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nome non i n w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the officia l car pr oblems . Mai nly in thre e aspects: one is the larger bus es cost ex pe ndit ure. Accor ding to statisti cs, until November 2003 , XX County towns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles , and showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina nci al expe nses cost per bus per year to 35,0 00 yua n, and in fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yua n. Some units al so hiri ng temporary drivers and expe ndit ure on wages a nd s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car" , but al so "de pendant s", leading to larger expens es. Se cond, gongchesiy ong bree d unhe althy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one-t hird lea ding private one -thir d use d for official purpose s. Some public s ervants, e spe cially lea ding official s motori ng, car s for private pur poses, vi olating the self -di sci pline regulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statisti cs from related departments , since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

(6)休克的治疗 (1)低血容量休克的定义 2.低血容量休克 (2)失血性休克的诊断和治疗 (3)创伤性休克的诊断和治疗 3.感染性休克 1.麻醉前准备和麻醉前 用药 感染性休克的诊断和治疗 (1)ASA 分级 (2)麻醉前准备事项 (3)麻醉前用药的目的和常用药物 (1)全身麻醉的常用方法 (2)并发症及处理 (1)常用用局麻药物 3.局部麻醉 (2)常用局麻方法 (3)局麻药物的不良反应及处理 (1)腰麻适应症、禁忌证、并发症的处理 4.椎管内麻醉 (2)硬膜外麻醉的适应症、禁忌证、并发症及 处理 六、重症监 测治疗与复 苏 急性肾衰竭与急性肾 损伤 (1)定义 (2)分型 (3)主要临床表现 (1)一般准备 (2)特殊准备 (1)常规处理 (2)卧位 2.术后处理 (3)各种不适处理 (4)胃肠道 (5)活动 (6)缝线拆除 (1)手术后常见并发症 3.术后并发症的防治 (2)病因 (3)诊断 (4)治疗原则 八、外科感
consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

2.全身麻醉 五、麻醉

1.术前准备

七、围术期 处理

1.概论

(1)分类

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operationa l needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 and low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Shang, a pprove d civil servants positions cons umpti on standard t o "big unifie d, and small di sper sed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unified of standard s hould has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in im plementation unified sta ndard S hi ha s must of flexible disposal rig ht; but since set of sta ndard m ust after financi al, and audit, s ector audit approved Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urning me ss into kit che n after dinner, foll ow the civil se rvant with a how to use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumption use of s ubsi dies . There fore, w e must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspecti on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behavi or to stop, s erious ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urge ncy. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly party and Gover nme nt lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty

2

positi on-related consum ption of civil s ervants has be en sw ept by fina nce, cons umer, regar dles s of cost, extravagance a nd waste i n the civil servi ce positi on-related consum ption, abuse, corr uption and embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s importa nt. The n, under the conditions of market economy, how to r eform the existing civil duty consumpti on ma nagement, expl ores a s our ce to prevent and curb t he post cons umption corruption way, is curre ntly a major is sue face d by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on thi s iss ue, thi s problem on some hum ble opini ons. First, the exi sting public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main probl ems see n from the investigati on a nd reas ons, in re cent years , publi c servants ' duty consumpti on caused by t he abuse s and not a pers on of integrit y, is one of the major pr obl ems in the party in G overnme nt, its operation order have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ous ly damaging t he image of the party and t he G overnment, undermini ng the relationshi p bet ween party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomi c constr uction. From I County in re ce nt years of gover nance sit uation see, positions cons umpti on i n the produce d of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system l ost has due of binding, rig ht is greater tha n rule s, an d right is greater t han method of phenome non more highlig ht; II i s in positi ons cons umption in t he Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill corporate poi nts to int o per sonal points to, makes positi ons cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions e njoy a nd s elf-deali ng of means; thre e is to positions cons umpti on for name, fraud, false im pers onator, Trend of negative corruption phenomena such as corr upti on a nd misa ppr opriati on; four pala ces , follow t he fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consum ption be came a symbol of s howi ng off their individual capa cities. Caus ed by public servants ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nome non i n w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the officia l car pr oblems . Mai nly in thre e aspects: one is the larger bus es cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statisti cs, until November 2003 , XX County towns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles , and showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina nci al expe nses cost per bus per year to 35,0 00 yua n, and in fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yua n. Some units al so hiri ng temporary drivers and expe ndit ure on wages a nd s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendant s", leading to larger expens es. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong bree d unhe althy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one-t hird lea ding private one -thir d use d for official purpose s. Some public s ervants, e spe cially lea ding official s motori ng, car s for private pur poses, vi olating the self-di sci pline regulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statisti cs from related departments , since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

染 2.疖

(2)病因病理 (1)临床表现 (2)预防和治疗 (1)临床表现 (2)预防和治疗 (1)临床表现 (2)预防和治疗 (1)临床表现 (2)预防和治疗 (1)临床表现 (2)预防和治疗 (1)概述 (2)分类 7.全身性外科感染 (3)病因 (4)临床表现 (5)诊断 (6)治疗 (1)病因 (2)病理生理 8.破伤风 (3)临床表现 (4)诊断与鉴别诊断 (5)预防 (1)病因 (2)病理生理 9.气性坏疽 (3)临床表现 (4)诊断与鉴别诊断 (5)预防 10. 外科应用抗生素的 原则 1.概论 2.创伤的诊断与治疗 (1)抗菌药物的合理应用原则 (2)围手术期预防用药的原则 (1)概念和分类 (2)病理 (1)诊断

3.痈

4.急性蜂窝织炎

5.丹毒 6.浅部急性淋巴管炎和 淋巴结炎

九、创伤

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 and low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Shang, a pprove d civil servants positions cons umpti on standard t o "big unifie d, and small di sper sed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unified of stan dard s hould has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in im plementation unified sta ndard S hi ha s must of flexible disposal rig ht; but since set of sta ndard m ust after financi al, and audit, s ector audit approved Hou to impleme ntation. (C) ref orm package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urning me ss into kit che n after din ner, foll ow the civil se rvant with a how to use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumption use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspect i on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behavi or to stop, s erious ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urge ncy. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly pa rty and Gover nment lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

3

positi on-related consum ption of civil s ervants has be en sw ept by fina nce, cons umer, regar dles s of cost, extravagance a nd waste i n the civil servi ce positi on-related consum ption, abuse, corr uption and embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s importa nt. The n, under the conditions of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on ma nagement, expl ores a s our ce to prevent and curb t he post cons umption corruption way, is curre ntly a major is sue face d by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on thi s iss ue, thi s problem on some hum ble opini ons. First, the exi sting public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main probl ems see n from the investigati on a nd reas ons, in re cent years , publi c servants ' duty consumpti on caused by t he abuse s and not a pers on of integrit y, is one of the major pr obl ems in the party in G overnme nt, its operation order have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ous ly damaging t he image of the party and t he G overnment, undermini ng the relationshi p bet ween party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomi c constr uction. From I County in re ce nt years of gover nance sit uation see, positions cons umpti on i n the produce d of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system l ost has due of binding, rig ht is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phenome non more highlig ht; II i s in positi ons cons umption in t he Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill corporate poi nts to int o per sonal points to, makes positi ons cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions e njoy a nd s elf -deali ng of means; thre e is to positions cons umpti on for name, fraud, false im pers onator, Trend of negative corruption phenomena such as corr upti on a nd misa ppr opriati on; four pala ces , follow t he fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consum ption be came a sy mbol of s howi ng off their individual capa cities. Caus ed by public servants ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nome non i n w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the officia l car pr oblems . Mai nly in thre e aspects: one is the larger bus es cost ex pe ndit ure. Accor ding to statisti cs, until November 2003 , XX County towns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles , and showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina nci al expe nses cost per bus per year to 35,0 00 yua n, and in fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yua n. Some units al so hiri ng temporary drivers and expe ndit ure on wages a nd s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car" , but al so "de pendant s", leading to larger expens es. Se cond, gongchesiy ong bree d unhe althy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one-t hird lea ding private one -thir d use d for official purpose s. Some public s ervants, e spe cially lea ding official s motori ng, car s for private pur poses, vi olating the self -di sci pline regulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statisti cs from related departments , since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

(2)创伤的处理 十、烧伤、 冻伤、蛇咬 伤、犬咬伤、 虫哲伤 热力烧伤 (1)伤情判断 (2)烧伤病理生理和临床分期 (3)烧伤治疗原则 (4)现场急救、转送与初期处理 (1)定义 (2)病因 十一、肿瘤 (3)分类与命名 (4)肿瘤的诊断 (5)肿瘤的治疗 (6)肿瘤的预防 1.概述 分类 (1)头皮血肿临床表现、诊断、治疗 2.头皮损伤 (2)头皮裂伤临床表现、诊断、治疗 (3)头皮撕脱伤临床表现、诊断、治疗 十二、颅脑 损伤 (1)颅骨骨折分类 3.颅骨骨折 (2)颅盖骨折临床表现、诊断、治疗 (3)颅底骨折临床表现、诊断、治疗 (1)分类 4.颅脑损伤 (2)脑震荡临床表现、诊断、治疗 (3)脑挫裂伤临床表现、诊断、治疗和预后 5.颅内血肿 1.甲状腺解剖及生理功 能 颅内血肿临床表现、诊断、治疗和预后 (1)解剖特点 (2)生理功能 (1)病因 2.单纯形甲状腺肿 (2)临床表现 (3)诊断 (4)预防与治疗 (1)分类 3.甲状腺功能亢进的外 科治疗 (2)临床表现 (3)诊断 (4)外科治疗
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operationa l needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 and low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Shang, a pprove d civil servants positions cons umpti on standard t o "big unifie d, and small di sper sed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unified of standard s hould has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in im plementation unified sta ndard S hi ha s must of flexible disposal rig ht; but since set of sta ndard m ust after financi al, and audit, s ector audit approved Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urning me ss into kit che n after dinner, foll ow the civil se rvant with a how to use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumption use of s ubsi dies . There fore, w e must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspecti on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behavi or to stop, s erious ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urge ncy. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly party and Gover nme nt lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

十三、甲状 腺疾病

4

positi on-related consum ption of civil s ervants has be en sw ept by fina nce, cons umer, regar dles s of cost, extravagance a nd waste i n the civil servi ce positi on-related consum ption, abuse, corr uption and embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s importa nt. The n, under the conditions of market economy, how to r eform the existing civil duty consumpti on ma nagement, expl ores a s our ce to prevent and curb t he post cons umption corruption way, is curre ntly a major is sue face d by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on thi s iss ue, thi s problem on some hum ble opini ons. First, the exi sting public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main probl ems see n from the investigati on a nd reas ons, in re cent years , publi c servants ' duty consumpti on caused by t he abuse s and not a pers on of integrit y, is one of the major pr obl ems in the party in G overnme nt, its operation order have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ous ly damaging t he image of the party and t he G overnment, undermini ng the relationshi p bet ween party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomi c constr uction. From I County in re ce nt years of gover nance sit uation see, positions cons umpti on i n the produce d of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system l ost has due of binding, rig ht is greater tha n rule s, an d right is greater t han method of phenome non more highlig ht; II i s in positi ons cons umption in t he Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill corporate poi nts to int o per sonal points to, makes positi ons cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions e njoy a nd s elf-deali ng of means; thre e is to positions cons umpti on for name, fraud, false im pers onator, Trend of negative corruption phenomena such as corr upti on a nd misa ppr opriati on; four pala ces , follow t he fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consum ption be came a symbol of s howi ng off their individual capa cities. Caus ed by public servants ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nome non i n w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the officia l car pr oblems . Mai nly in thre e aspects: one is the larger bus es cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statisti cs, until November 2003 , XX County towns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles , and showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina nci al expe nses cost per bus per year to 35,0 00 yua n, and in fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yua n. Some units al so hiri ng temporary drivers and expe ndit ure on wages a nd s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendant s", leading to larger expens es. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong bree d unhe althy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one-t hird lea ding private one -thir d use d for official purpose s. Some public s ervants, e spe cially lea ding official s motori ng, car s for private pur poses, vi olating the self-di sci pline regulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statisti cs from related departments , since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

1.乳房检查

乳房的正确检查方法 (1)病因

2.急性乳腺炎

(2)临床表现 (3)治疗 (4)预防 (1)临床表现

十四、乳房 疾病

3.乳腺囊性增生病

(2)诊断 (3)治疗 (1)病理类型 (2)转移途径

4.乳腺癌

(3)临床表现 (4)诊断 (5)预防 (6)治疗

1.概论

(1)分类 (2)紧急处理 (1)临床表现 (2)治疗 (1)分类

2.肋骨骨折 十五、胸部 损伤 3.气胸

(2)诊断 (3)治疗 (1)分类

4.血胸

(2)临床表现 (3)治疗

1.概论

(1)病因 (2)临床类型 (1)分类

十六、腹外 疝 2.腹股沟疝

(2)腹股沟区的解剖 (3)发病机制 (4)临床表现和诊断 (5)鉴别诊断 (6)治疗

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 and low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Shang, a pprove d civil servants positions cons umpti on standard t o "big unifie d, and small di sper sed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unified of stan dard s hould has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in im plementation unified sta ndard S hi ha s must of flexible disposal rig ht; but since set of sta ndard m ust after financi al, and audit, s ector audit approved Hou to impleme ntation. (C) ref orm package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urning me ss into kit che n after din ner, foll ow the civil se rvant with a how to use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumption use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspect i on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behavi or to stop, s erious ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urge ncy. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly pa rty and Gover nment lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

5

positi on-related consum ption of civil s ervants has be en sw ept by fina nce, cons umer, regar dles s of cost, extravagance a nd waste i n the civil servi ce positi on-related consum ption, abuse, corr uption and embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s importa nt. The n, under the conditions of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on ma nagement, expl ores a s our ce to prevent and curb t he post cons umption corruption way, is curre ntly a major is sue face d by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on thi s iss ue, thi s problem on some hum ble opini ons. First, the exi sting public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main probl ems see n from the investigati on a nd reas ons, in re cent years , publi c servants ' duty consumpti on caused by t he abuse s and not a pers on of integrit y, is one of the major pr obl ems in the party in G overnme nt, its operation order have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ous ly damaging t he image of the party and t he G overnment, undermini ng the relationshi p bet ween party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomi c constr uction. From I County in re ce nt years of gover nance sit uation see, positions cons umpti on i n the produce d of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system l ost has due of binding, rig ht is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phenome non more highlig ht; II i s in positi ons cons umption in t he Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill corporate poi nts to int o per sonal points to, makes positi ons cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions e njoy a nd s elf -deali ng of means; thre e is to positions cons umpti on for name, fraud, false im pers onator, Trend of negative corruption phenomena such as corr upti on a nd misa ppr opriati on; four pala ces , follow t he fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consum ption be came a sy mbol of s howi ng off their individual capa cities. Caus ed by public servants ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nome non i n w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the officia l car pr oblems . Mai nly in thre e aspects: one is the larger bus es cost ex pe ndit ure. Accor ding to statisti cs, until November 2003 , XX County towns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles , and showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina nci al expe nses cost per bus per year to 35,0 00 yua n, and in fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yua n. Some units al so hiri ng temporary drivers and expe ndit ure on wages a nd s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car" , but al so "de pendant s", leading to larger expens es. Se cond, gongchesiy ong bree d unhe althy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one-t hird lea ding private one -thir d use d for official purpose s. Some public s ervants, e spe cially lea ding official s motori ng, car s for private pur poses, vi olating the self -di sci pline regulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statisti cs from related departments , since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

(1)分类 (2)病因 1.概论 (3)临床表现 (4)诊断 (5)处理 十七、腹部 损伤 2.脾脏损伤 (1)诊断 (2)处理 (1)诊断 (2)处理 临床表现及诊断 临床表现 (1)临床表现 (2)诊断与鉴别诊断 (3)外科治疗 (1)临床表现 (2)诊断与鉴别诊断 (1)临床表现 (2)诊断与鉴别诊断 (3)治疗 手术适应症 (1)术后早期并发症 (2)术后远期并发症 (1)病因和分类 十九、肠梗 阻 (2)病理生理 (3)临床表现 (4)诊断 (5)治疗 二十、急性 阑尾炎 (1)解剖生理、病因 (2)临床病理分型 (3)临床表现
6

3.肝脏损伤 4.胰腺损伤 5.小肠、结肠及直肠损 伤 1.急性胃十二指肠溃疡 穿孔 2.胃十二指肠溃疡大出 血 十八、胃十 二指肠疾病 3.胃十二指肠溃疡瘢痕 性幽门梗阻 4.胃十二指肠溃疡手术 方式与注意事项 5.胃十二指肠溃疡手术 术后并发症

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operationa l needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 and low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Shang, a pprove d civil servants positions cons umpti on standard t o "big unifie d, and small di sper sed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unified of standard s hould has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in im plementation unified sta ndard S hi ha s must of flexible disposal rig ht; but since set of sta ndard m ust after financi al, and audit, s ector audit approved Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urning me ss into kit che n after dinner, foll ow the civil se rvant with a how to use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumption use of s ubsi dies . There fore, w e must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspecti on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behavi or to stop, s erious ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urge ncy. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly party and Gover nme nt lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil s ervants has be en sw ept by fina nce, cons umer, regar dles s of cost, extravagance a nd waste i n the civil servi ce positi on-related consum ption, abuse, corr uption and embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s importa nt. The n, under the conditions of market economy, how to r eform the existing civil duty consumpti on ma nagement, expl ores a s our ce to prevent and curb t he post cons umption corruption way, is curre ntly a major is sue face d by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on thi s iss ue, thi s problem on some hum ble opini ons. First, the exi sting public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main probl ems see n from the investigati on a nd reas ons, in re cent years , publi c servants ' duty consumpti on caused by t he abuse s and not a pers on of integrit y, is one of the major pr obl ems in the party in G overnme nt, its operation order have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ous ly damaging t he image of the party and t he G overnment, undermini ng the relationshi p bet ween party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomi c constr uction. From I County in re ce nt years of gover nance sit uation see, positions cons umpti on i n the produce d of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system l ost has due of binding, rig ht is greater tha n rule s, an d right is greater t han method of phenome non more highlig ht; II i s in positi ons cons umption in t he Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill corporate poi nts to int o per sonal points to, makes positi ons cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions e njoy a nd s elf-deali ng of means; thre e is to positions cons umpti on for name, fraud, false im pers onator, Trend of negative corruption phenomena such as corr upti on a nd misa ppr opriati on; four pala ces , follow t he fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consum ption be came a symbol of s howi ng off their individual capa cities. Caus ed by public servants ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nome non i n w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the officia l car pr oblems . Mai nly in thre e aspects: one is the larger bus es cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statisti cs, until November 2003 , XX County towns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles , and showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina nci al expe nses cost per bus per year to 35,0 00 yua n, and in fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yua n. Some units al so hiri ng temporary drivers and expe ndit ure on wages a nd s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendant s", leading to larger expens es. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong bree d unhe althy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one-t hird lea ding private one -thir d use d for official purpose s. Some public s ervants, e spe cially lea ding official s motori ng, car s for private pur poses, vi olating the self-di sci pline regulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statisti cs from related departments , since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

(4)诊断及鉴别诊断 (5)治疗 1.解剖生理概要 2.结、直肠及肛管检查 方法 结直肠与肛管解剖 (1)常见检查体位 (2)肛门视诊 (3)直肠指诊 (1)病理与分型 3.结肠癌 (2)临床表现 (3)诊断 (1)病因与病理 4.直肠癌 二十一、结、 直肠与肛管 疾病 5.肛裂 (2)临床表现 (3)诊断 (1)病因与病理 (2)临床表现 (3)诊断与鉴别诊断 6.直肠肛管周围脓肿 (1)病因与病理 (2)临床表现 (1)病因与病理 7.肛瘘 (2)分类 (3)临床表现 (1)病因 8.痣 (2)分类和临床表现 (3)诊断 (4)治疗 1.胆道感染与胆石症 (1)胆道系统解剖生理 (2)胆道系统诊断检查方法 (1)病因、病理 二十二、胆 道疾病 2.急性胆道感染 (2)临床表现 (3)诊断与鉴别诊断 (4)治疗 3.胆石症 (1)病因、胆石形成机制、病理 (2)临床表现

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 and low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Shang, a pprove d civil servants positions cons umpti on standard t o "big unifie d, and small di sper sed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unified of stan dard s hould has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in im plementation unified sta ndard S hi ha s must of flexible disposal rig ht; but since set of sta ndard m ust after financi al, and audit, s ector audit approved Hou to impleme ntation. (C) ref orm package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urning me ss into kit che n after din ner, foll ow the civil se rvant with a how to use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumption use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspect i on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behavi or to stop, s erious ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urge ncy. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly pa rty and Gover nment lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

7

positi on-related consum ption of civil s ervants has be en sw ept by fina nce, cons umer, regar dles s of cost, extravagance a nd waste i n the civil servi ce positi on-related consum ption, abuse, corr uption and embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s importa nt. The n, under the conditions of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on ma nagement, expl ores a s our ce to prevent and curb t he post cons umption corruption way, is curre ntly a major is sue face d by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on thi s iss ue, thi s problem on some hum ble opini ons. First, the exi sting public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main probl ems see n from the investigati on a nd reas ons, in re cent years , publi c servants ' duty consumpti on caused by t he abuse s and not a pers on of integrit y, is one of the major pr obl ems in the party in G overnme nt, its operation order have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ous ly damaging t he image of the party and t he G overnment, undermini ng the relationshi p bet ween party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomi c constr uction. From I County in re ce nt years of gover nance sit uation see, positions cons umpti on i n the produce d of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system l ost has due of binding, rig ht is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phenome non more highlig ht; II i s in positi ons cons umption in t he Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill corporate poi nts to int o per sonal points to, makes positi ons cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions e njoy a nd s elf -deali ng of means; thre e is to positions cons umpti on for name, fraud, false im pers onator, Trend of negative corruption phenomena such as corr upti on a nd misa ppr opriati on; four pala ces , follow t he fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consum ption be came a sy mbol of s howi ng off their individual capa cities. Caus ed by public servants ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nome non i n w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the officia l car pr oblems . Mai nly in thre e aspects: one is the larger bus es cost ex pe ndit ure. Accor ding to statisti cs, until November 2003 , XX County towns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles , and showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina nci al expe nses cost per bus per year to 35,0 00 yua n, and in fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yua n. Some units al so hiri ng temporary drivers and expe ndit ure on wages a nd s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car" , but al so "de pendant s", leading to larger expens es. Se cond, gongchesiy ong bree d unhe althy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one-t hird lea ding private one -thir d use d for official purpose s. Some public s ervants, e spe cially lea ding official s motori ng, car s for private pur poses, vi olating the self -di sci pline regulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statisti cs from related departments , since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

(3)诊断与鉴别诊断 (4)治疗 二十三、急 腹症的诊断 和鉴别诊断 (1)急腹症的临床诊断与分析 (2)常见急腹症的诊断与鉴别诊断要点 (3)急腹症的处理原则 (1)病理 二十四、急 性胰腺炎 (2)临床表现 (3)诊断 (4)治疗 1.概论 血管疾病的主要临床表现 (1)临床表现 2.血栓闭塞性脉管炎 (2)检查和诊断 (3)预防和治疗 二十五、周 围血管和淋 巴管疾病 3.原发性下肢静脉曲张 (1)病因、病理 (2)临床表现和诊断 (3)治疗 (4)并发症及处理 (1)病因、病理 4.深静脉血栓形成 (2)临床表现和分型 (3)检查和诊断 (4)预防和治疗 二十六、泌 尿系统梗阻 1.概论 2.前列腺增生症 引起常见泌尿系统梗阻的原因 (1)临床表现 (2)诊断 (1)临床表现 二十七、尿 石症 尿路结石 (2)诊断 (3)治疗 (4)预防

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operationa l needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 and low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Shang, a pprove d civil servants positions cons umpti on standard t o "big unifie d, and small di sper sed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unified of standard s hould has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in im plementation unified sta ndard S hi ha s must of flexible disposal rig ht; but since set of sta ndard m ust after financi al, and audit, s ector audit approved Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urning me ss into kit che n after dinner, foll ow the civil se rvant with a how to use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumption use of s ubsi dies . There fore, w e must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspecti on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behavi or to stop, s erious ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urge ncy. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly party and Gover nme nt lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

8



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