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Global Politics: The Middle East Remains the Darkest Place in 2015_论文

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Gl o b a l   Po l i t i c s . " T h e   Mi d d l e   Ea s t   Re ma i n s   t h e   Dar k e s t   Pl a c e   i n   20 1   5   Gl o ba l   Po l i t i c s :The   M i ddl e   Ea s t   Re ma i ns   t he   Da r ke s t   Pl a c e   i n   2 01 5   Ni u   Xi nc hun*   (-  ̄ v e r   me   p a s t   f o u r   y e a r s . p o l i t i c a l   c h a n g e s   i n   t h e   Mi d d l e   E a s t   h a v e    ̄- J  a l wa ys  a p p e a r e d  t o  be  u ne x pe c t e d  a n d  da z z l i n g An t i — g o ve r n me n t   . “ Ar a b   S p r i n g” m o v e me n t s   a g a i ns t   s t r o n g ma n   p ol i t i c s   b r o k e   o u t   i n   2 0   1   l :   p ol i t i c a l   I s l a m  g a i n e d   p o we r   t h r o u g h   e l e c t i o ns   i n   Tu ni s i a   a n d   Eg y p t  i n   2 01 2 ;a n  Eg y pt i a n  m i l i t a r y  c o u p  o c c u r r e d  i n  2 01 3: a n d  i n  2 01 4  t h e   “ I s l a mi c   S t a t e ”s p r u ng   u p   i n   I r a q   a n d   Sy r i a . Al l   t he s e   s e e mi n gl y   i r r a t i o n a l   e p i s o d e s   i n   f a c t   s h a r e   a n   i n he r e n t   l o g i c a l   r e l a t i o n s h i p.Lo o ki n g   a he a d   t o   2 0   1   5 .t he r e   i S   no   e nd   i n   s i g h t   t o   t h e   mi l i t a r y   c o n li f c t s   c u re n t l y   r i f e   i n   t h e   Mi d d l e   Ea s t .Th i s   i nc l u de s   c i v i l   wa r s   s uc h   a s   t h o s e   i n   I r a q .S y r i a .a n d   Li b y a , a nd   t he   Ye me n   a nd   I s r a e l i — Pa l e s t i ni a n   c o n li f c t s . Th e r e   i s   no   h o p e   f o r   i mp r o ve me nt  f or  t ho s e  c o u n t ie r s  c u re n t l y  u n d e r  e n o r mo u s  p ol i t i c a l   p r e s s u r e  i n   go ve ma nc e ,i n c l u d i ng  Eg y pt  a n d   t h e   Ar a b  mo na r c h i e s .A s   s u c h, i n   2 0   1   5, t he   Mi dd l e   Ea s t , s t i l l   s t r u g g l i n g   t o   g e t   o ut   o f   t he   wo o d s , wi l l   r e ma i n   t he   d a r ke s t   a nd   mos t   c h a o t i c   pl a c e   i n   t h e   wo r l d .   I n  2 0   1   4, t he   r i s e   o f“ I s l a mi c   S t a t e ”a p p e a r e d   t o   be   a c c i d e n t a l , b u t   wa s   i n   f a c t   t he   i n e vi t a b l e , n a t u r a l   c o n s e q ue n c e   o f   s t a g g e r e d   d e e pe n i ng   c o n li f c t s   i n   t h e   Mi d d l e   Ea s t .Si n c e   t he   r e vi v a l   o f   t h e   1   97 0 s   s o c i a l   mo v e me n t s   o f   Eg y pt , I r a q



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