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七年级下册《自主学习指导课程》参考答案2015.3

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positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market economy, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is current ly a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' dut y consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is greater tha n rule s, and right is gre ater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum pt ion in s ome as pects has i nto positi ons e njoy a nd self-dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa cities . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il November 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de partment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for private pur poses, vi olating the se lf-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

自主学习指导课程参考答案 语文(七年级下册) 第一单元 1 从百草园到三味书屋 〔自主性探究〕 1. 略 2. B3. ①这里指秘密。②少有人来。③形容人声喧闹。鼎沸,本意是锅里的水烧开了, 发出声响。4.《朝花夕拾》散文周树人文学思想革命《呐喊》 《彷徨》 5.记叙了作者在百草园游戏和在三味书屋读书的情景。6. 三种看法:一种认为是对比关系, 用百草园自由快乐的生活同三味书屋枯燥的读书生活相对比,一个表现儿童生活广泛的生活 乐趣,充满无限热爱;另一个则妨碍儿童身心的发展,充满了对它的厌恶。一种认为是衬托 关系,用自由快乐的百草园生活来衬托枯燥乏味的三味书屋生活,以此来批判封建教育制度 对儿童的束缚和损害。还有一种认为是并列关系,表现作者儿童时代对自然的热爱,对知识 的追求,以及天真、幼稚、欢乐的心理。 〔开放性作业〕 1. 百草园的景色;美女蛇的故事;雪地捕鸟。2. 给百草园增添了神秘色彩,丰富了百草园 的情趣。 3. ①三味书屋的生活是单调的, 学习内容是艰深难懂的, 教学方法也是较为呆板的; ②先生“是一个高而瘦的老人,须发都花白了,还戴着大眼镜” ,先生态度“和蔼” , “是本城 中极方正,质朴,博学的人” ,打戒尺罚跪是私塾教育管理学生的方式,但是先生“不常用” , “也有罚跪的规则,但也不常用,普通总不过瞪几眼……”可见先生很开明。4. 听油蛉和蟋 蟀唱歌;找蜈蚣;按斑蝥;拔何首乌;摘覆盆子 5. 这一句运用了拟人的修辞手法,把油蛉 和蟋蟀人格化,形象生动地表现了它们鸣声的悦耳动听,表达了百草园给儿时的“我”带来 了无限的乐趣。6. 一个天真活泼,充满好奇心和探索欲,热爱自然的孩童形象。 〔拓展性学习〕 1.桑葚。①写了今年五月在农家乐山庄采摘桑葚的绝美享受。②忆童年时和伙伴们采摘桑葚 的欢乐场面。2.儿时的梦:盼望老桑树结满紫红的桑葚,给我们带来解馋的机会。3 答案示 例 1:从词语的角度赏析: “紫紫的”写桑葚的颜色, “丰满着”写桑葚饱满的形状。两个词 语形象生动地写出了桑葚美丽诱人的外貌特点,流露出作者对桑葚的喜爱之情。答案示例 2: 从修辞角度赏析:此句用了比喻的修辞手法,生动形象地写出了“熟透了的桑葚”晶莹剔透 的外形特点,从而由衷地表达了对桑葚的喜爱之情。4 表达了作者对桑葚的挚爱,同时也呼 吁人们亲近自然、热爱自然,保持自然与纯真的本色。起到了升华文章主题的作用。5 B6 示例:如果你是花儿,那快乐就是一滴晶莹的露珠;如果你是鸟儿,那快乐就是一方湛蓝湛 蓝的天空。2 爸爸的花儿落了 〔自主性探究〕 1. 略 2. 像赖骊涯 3. ①什么时候曾经。②居然,表示出乎意料;挪窝儿,离开原来的地方, 这里指起床。③在一个地方来回走动,比喻犹豫不决。4.《城南旧事》林海音比喻 5. 夹竹 桃天性爱花的爸爸离开人世衣襟上的夹竹桃爸爸已不在人间互相理解、互相尊重 6. 爸爸表 面上很严厉,实际上却充满爱心;他鼓励孩子要坚强,勇于面对困难。爸爸很重感情,听到 叔叔被日本人害死的消息,便急得吐血了;爸爸还特别爱花。 〔开放性作业〕 1. 从中暗示爸爸的病情,表示爸爸的病情越来越重了。推动了故事情节的发展。 2. 文中插叙了“我”六年前因为赖床受爸爸惩罚的情形以及爸爸要我去银行寄钱等事件,丰 富了文章的内容,有利于更好地表现人物。3. 要勇敢地面对困难,勇于实践,在实践中探索 创新,从而提高自己。经验(略) 。4. 回家来第一件事就是浇花;陈伯伯所说的话。5. 是在 暗示妈妈对爸爸的病情很了解,知道爸爸将会去世,很悲痛,同时也为下文埋下伏笔。6. ①

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent caus ed by r oad a cci dents , 1, 1 people kille d and dire ct economic losses am ounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h ef ficiency and low cost of the bus. S urveys s how t hat, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental pri ority of the reform, it i s a difficult pr obl em that must be solve d in the reform process. Clearl y, the post consum ption average s three years before as a base a nd fine-t une d on t he ba sis of thi s si ngle pra ctices m ust be im proved. Improveme nts to a dhere t o three principle s: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions approve d for public servants ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Second, accordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe ople' s sustaina bility, public servants ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds a pprove d, both fina ncial re ach, and pe ople pass ing thr ough. Thir d, accor ding to t he operationa l nee ds of civ il serva nts responsibl e for authorize d publi c servants ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd l ow 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also t he nat ure of the w ork and t he workl oad. In reform of method Sha ng, approve d civil s ervants positi ons cons umption standard to "big unifie d, and small di sper sed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proj ect s hould a ccording t o poli cy pr ovides propos ed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and units and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of standar d shoul d ha s elastic of and dynami c of, makes regions, and units in impl ementation unified standard S hi has m ust of flexible di sposal rig ht; but since set of sta ndar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umption, turning mess i nto kitchen after di nner, follow the civil ser va nt with a how to use personal title s ubs idies , or how to manage a pers ona l duty consum ption us e of subsidie s. Therefore, we must esta blis h and perfect w ith publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption m onetizati on reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as the civil s ervice examinati on of respons ibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the report said. While ot her meas ures to kee p up. Discipli ne inspe ction and s upervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and i nspection of publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption moneti zation system, measure s to dev elop and monit or the impl ementation of ins pe ction, not cons umption as required, even shifting consumer be havior to st op, serious ca ses to deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politi cs, the economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on a s some where betwee n a reform also demonstrated its im portance a nd urge ncy. First of all, civil serva nts es peci ally party and G overnment l eaders a nd public servants ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' dut y consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi on s cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per so nal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto posit i ons e njoy a nd self-dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa cities . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il November 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de par tment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for private pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

我向往长大,我长大了,就可以做自己想做的事,可以工作赚钱,减轻爸爸妈妈的负担,可 以证明自己的价值,可以实现自己的理想。②我害怕长大,因为长大就意味着不能再依靠父 母,必须自己去面对生活,还意味着责任,必须对家庭对社会负起责任。 〔拓展性学习〕 1. 母亲记得我的生日;母亲给我一块玻璃遮挡辐射;母亲给我特制泡菜。2.我永远被母亲 捧在掌心,就像母亲手心的宝一样。住在母亲掌心的孩子总是最幸福的人。这样的题目含蓄 而富有深情, 既表现了作者的独具匠心, 又能引发读者的联想。 3. 主要采用比喻的修辞手法; 写母亲对我无微不至也无所不至的关爱, 字里行间流露出一股感激之情。 4 这是一种衬托艺 术,用这种反衬的手法,更加突出了母亲对儿女的爱之真、爱之深。5.A6.B7.示例:宽容辽 阔的大海,蕴蓄着不尽的情思;宽容深邃的湖泊,孕育着无限的希望;宽容广袤的星空,绽 放着智慧与花朵。 3 丑小鸭 〔自主性探究〕 1.略 2.C3. ①讥笑。②对其他动物有礼貌。4.丰富的想象幻想夸张《安徒生童话故事选》丹 麦安徒生 《卖火柴的小女孩》 《皇帝的新装》等 5.生活环境艰难:被鸭子咬,被鸡群啄,被 人踢,受冻,冒着被猎人打死的危险。6.不怕困难,积极适应环境;为了心中的理想勇往直 前等。 〔开放性作业〕 1.既是对由冬转春时自然景象的实写,又象征丑小鸭处境的变化。用春天的温暖、美好,烘 托丑小鸭迎来生命的春天。2.只要不懈追求,努力进取,即使身处逆境也能实现自己的理想。 “丑小鸭”已经成为激励身处逆境的人们不断进取追求美好生活的典型形象。3.偶然发生的 变化中含有必然性,主要是丑小鸭面对无法想象的困境而顽强地生存,锻炼了自己的生存能 力和适应能力,历经痛苦磨难才发生变化。4. 因为白天鹅太美丽了,而“我”太丑了,我想 跟他们在一起,却又自惭形秽。5.只要你有理想,有追求,并为目标而努力奋斗,即使身处 逆境也不要紧,金子总会发光的。6.善良、美好、有理想、有追求的心灵,会永远努力向前, 所以不会骄傲的。 4 诗两首 〔自主性探究〕 1. 略 2. B3.①忧伤、愁闷。②指进入某种环境或生活范围。③本义指沾染上或混入有害的 东西, 本诗指从来没有人到过。 4. 俄普希金俄罗斯文学之父俄罗斯诗歌的太阳 《自由颂》 《致 大海》 《致恰达耶夫》②美弗罗斯特 5.不悲伤、不心急、要冷静地对待问题,正视现实并且 坚信困难一定会被克服,光明一定会到来。(或要勇敢、积极、乐观地对待生活中的挫折和不 幸)6.诗人表面上似乎是在写自然界的道路,但实际上暗示的却是人生之路。 〔开放性作业〕 1.一个人在困难、挫折和不幸面前,首先要有正确的认识,要端正思想,才能分析问题出在 哪里,想出解决问题的办法,才能一步步扭转局面,战胜困难,迎来快乐的日子。人要战胜 各种困难首先要战胜自己。2.人生道路的选择带有偶然性、随意性。那些未走的路,才更让 人想念,更让人留恋。诗人不写已选择的道路,而重在对未选择的道路发出感叹,更能打动 读者心灵,让人更深入地思考人生选择的问题。道理:人生的道路千万条,但一个人一生中 往往只能选择其中一条,所以必须慎重,人生道路上不要随波逐流,而要经过自己的思考, 作出独立自主的选择。3.示例:相信吧,快乐的日子将会来临。缘由:诗人以平缓的语气娓 娓道来,语调亲切和缓,热情坦诚,有丰富的人情味和哲理性,使读者容易接受。4.象征。 5.表达了作者对无法把握人生之路的些许怅然。6.指人生所选择的目标和一生的经历因为它 看起来“更诱人,更美丽” 。其他略,言之成理即可。
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) r eform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servants es pe ciall y party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

2

positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market eco nomy, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produ ced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is gr eater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto positi ons e njoy a nd self -dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa ci ties . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il N ovember 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de partment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for privat e pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

5 伤仲永 〔自主性探究〕 1.略 2.略 3 ①“扳”通“攀” ,牵,引②“材”通“才” ,才能 4. B5. 《临川先生文集》 王安石北宋政治思想文学人的天资与后天学习 6. 三次叙写方仲永聪明过人、才智超常。一 是“未尝识书具”却“忽啼求之” ;二是“即书诗四句,并自为其名” ;三是“指物作诗立就” 。 7.五岁时:指物作诗立就,天资聪颖。十二三岁时:作诗已不如前时所闻。二十岁时:泯然 众人矣。原因:后天不努力学习。 〔开放性作业〕 1. 对一个神童最终“泯然众人”的惋惜之情;对“受之天”却因“受于人者不至”者的哀伤 之情。引发了对“不受之天”又“不受之人”者的不堪设想的后果的感慨。2. 都指一个人的 天赋,即先天得到的。3. 后天教育的重要性。作者以方仲永由“神童”不注重后天教育而成 “众人”为例,然后将他与“材人” “众人”比较,指出普通人再不接受后天教育,就会连普 通人都不如。4. 仲永的父亲“不使学”的原因是因为“利其然”也,其具体做法是“日扳仲 永环谒于邑人” 。5. 不使学。对比。6. 人的天资;后天教育;作者认为后天教育对一个人成 才是至关重要的,我们要重视后天的学习。 〔拓展性学习〕 1 ①放牧②自己(他)的③责怪④对待 2 ①夜晚, (王冕)偷偷地走出来,坐在佛像的膝 盖上,拿着书映照在佛像前的长明灯下诵读, (书声)琅琅地读到天亮。②安阳的韩性听说了 这件事, 觉得这孩子与众不同, (将他) 收为学生, (他) 于是学成了博学多通的儒生。 3 B4 ①在陇上放牛,溜进学舍听读书。佛像腿上,伴长明灯夜读。②表现了他渴望读书、刻苦读 书的品质。5. 示例:在学问上,你付出勤奋,你会发现知识的大门是虚掩着的;在感情上, 你付出真诚,你会发现友谊的大门是虚掩着的。6. 示例:穿过弄堂,展现在眼前的是一个宽 广的庭院,弯弯的玄澄河像一条玉带横贯东西,河上有两座精美的汉白玉石桥。 第一单元综合练习 一、积累运用 1. C2. D3. B4. B5. D6. C7. 小新,脸上长痘痘,说明你有青春活力,怕什么呢? 小丽, 老师向家长告状,你不必大惊小怪,回家和家长仔细沟通一下。 小华,我们都是你的朋友, 当你孤独的时候,你可以找我们玩或者给我们打电话呀。 二、阅读理解 8.“山际” “竹中” 照应了题目“山中” ,点明诗人所居之处地势高峻,且在茂林修竹之中。 9.山间空旷幽静,鸟儿悠闲地飞向屋檐,发出一两声清脆的鸣叫;一缕缕的云烟轻轻从窗里 飘出来。表达了诗人惬意闲适的心情。10. ①属于②完成③以宾客之礼相待④常人 11.①这 首诗以赡养父母、团结同宗族的人为内容,传送给全乡的秀才观赏。②他的父亲认为这样有 利可图,每天拉着仲永四处拜访同县的人,不让(他)学习。③现在那些不是天生聪明,本 来就平凡的人,又不接受后天的教育,想成为一个平常的人恐怕都不够吧?12. B13.示例: 一个人要成才,仅有好的天资是不够的,后天还要接受教育,努力学习;否则难以成才,就 像方仲永一样。 14. 交代故事发生的时间、 天气状况; 构成故事特有的环境氛围; 反衬出 “我” 回家时给父母带回的温暖。15. 起过渡作用,承接上文的感悟,引出下文的回忆。16 一个 “穿”字就好像是雪有意为之,而且好像是巧匠的妙手,给人留下想象的空间。17 老奶永 远地离开了我们,可是他一年一年地盼着的唯一的儿子仍然没有回来。18 让我们在父母健 在的时候孝顺他们,多抽出点时间陪陪他们,不要等失去的时候才知道珍惜。 三、写作(略) 第二单元 6 黄河颂
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Cl earl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hir d, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme nt ation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servant s es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

3

positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' dut y consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi on s cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per so nal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto posit i ons e njoy a nd self-dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa cities . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il November 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de par tment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for private pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

〔自主性探究〕 1. 略 2. C3. ①这里形容黄河流势弯曲回旋。②这里指黄河是中华民族生存的源地。4.《黄 河大合唱》光未然冼星海 5.源远流长、流量巨大、支流众多。 6.热情歌颂了历史悠久的伟大祖国,歌颂了中国人民坚强不屈的意志,展现了中国人民为夺 取抗战胜利而誓死战斗的决心。 〔开放性作业〕 1.“啊!黄河!”反复出现,把歌词主体部分分为三个层次,依次是:黄河养育了中华民族, 黄河保卫了中华民族,黄河还将激励着中华民族。由实到虚,环环相扣,逐步深入。2.把黄 河比喻为“中华民族的摇篮” ,因为黄河是中华民族的发祥地,中华文化在黄河流域产生、发 展、壮大,黄河哺育滋养了世代炎黄子孙。把黄河比喻为“民族的屏障” ,侧重从黄河对中华 民族的保卫作用而言,黄河天险在地理上可作为军事屏障,黄河伟大坚强的民族精神,更足 以成为民族精神上的城防, 这是中华民族抵御外侮的制胜法宝。 反映出伟大坚强的民族精神。 3.这首歌词写得明快雄健,节奏鲜明,音节洪亮。以短句为主,兼以长句。长短结合,自由 奔放并且错落整齐。在韵脚上,形成了自然和谐的韵律。同时,十分注意刻画黄河形象,注 意营造歌词的画面之美。4.“惊涛澎湃/掀起万丈狂澜” “浊流宛转/结成九曲连环” “从昆仑 山下/奔向黄海之边” “把中原大地/劈成南北两面” 。5. 指众多的支流。支流众多,流域面积 广大,黄河孕育了万千强壮有力的儿女。6. 略 〔拓展性学习〕 1.逝者如斯,这是作者感叹历史飞移与年华的短暂,更有一种推崇黄河的意思。2.作者是 以对比的手法来突出黄河的美。 3 作者运用了排比的手法, 展示出了人们心中不同的黄河以 及黄河承载的太多人世间的记忆。4 不矛盾,因为这样突出了本文的高潮,展现了思想转换 时的变化,并且更加突出了作者对黄河的赞美之情。5 D6 示例:生命是那大河中的水,在 澎湃激荡中振奋昂扬。7. ①将“制作”改为“制定” 。②在“校车”后面添加“具有” 。③调 整为“将永久退出重庆校车舞台” 。④“超过”或“以上” 7 最后一课 〔自主性探究〕 1.略 2. ①懊悔②专心安静③严肃④忠诚敬意 3.①惊奇,奇怪。②一种宗教仪式,信仰宗教 的人向天地神佛祷告,祈福免灾,有赞美、请求的意思。4.法都德普法战争阿尔萨斯 5.小弗 郎士在最后一课的见闻感受。爱国主义情感。6.D 〔开放性作业〕 1. 从贪玩、不爱学习到热爱法语,从怕老师到理解、同情并敬爱老师,从幼稚不懂事到热爱 祖国。 亡国命运的打击、 老师爱国热情的感召。 2. 老师是为了表示对就要失去的国土的敬意, 表明了老师真挚热切的爱国热情。3. 掌握祖国语言,可以激起人民的爱国意识,从而团结起 来,打击普鲁士侵略者,求得民族解放。这是韩麦尔先生对祖国的无比热爱。4. 表现了小弗 郎士对敌人禁教法语卑劣行为的轻蔑和对祖国语言的深厚感情。 5. 受到韩麦尔先生爱国主义 精神的感染和教育,对老师无比崇敬。6. 不好,此时的韩麦尔先生陷入了极大的痛苦之中, 他连说话的力气也没有了。这表现了韩麦尔先生对法国的感情之深,他永远都不会忘记、放 弃自己热爱的祖国。 〔拓展性学习〕 1 “我”去新加坡留学之前,父母费尽心思为我准备糖炒栗子,而“我”出国后却遗忘了它, 致使它变质。2 略。示例一: “拨” “弯下腰” “用嘴吹” “伸” “咬” ,运用拟人的修辞手法, 写出了火势之猛,突出了父亲为“我”炒栗子时的专注、认真,不怕受伤。示例二: “站” “握 着” “翻搅” “唯恐”等描写动作和心理的词语,细腻地刻画了母亲炒栗子时的耐心和细致。 3 无论我们是否在意父母, 如何漠视和抵制父母对我们的爱, 父母对我们的爱是一如既往地
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) r eform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servants es pe ciall y party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

4

positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market eco nomy, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produ ced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is gr eater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto positi ons e njoy a nd self -dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa ci ties . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il N ovember 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de partment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for privat e pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

付出,是无私和不求回报的。4 流泪的原因:①“我”为父母时时刻刻的无微不至的关爱所 感动;②为“我”对父母之爱的疏忽而内疚和自责。心理活动:示例:爸爸妈妈,感谢你们 这么多年来对我的关爱和呵护,请原谅女儿的不懂事,现在女儿已经长大,你们的爱,永远 镌刻在我的心里,祝二老身体健康。5 C6 略 8 艰难的国运与雄健的国民 〔自主性探究〕 1. 略 2.B3. ①这里指英勇无畏、坚忍顽强的精神。②这里形容中华民族处境艰难,正处于 生死存亡的危急关头。4. 李大钊守常革命史上的丰碑 5.民族生命进程;中华民族所逢的史 路;在艰难困苦中毫不气馁,坚信革命必胜,民族必兴。6.文章始终贯穿着作者关心国家安 危,希望国家强盛的强烈的爱国主义情感。如“我们应该拿出雄健的精神,高唱着进行的曲 调,在这悲壮歌声中,走过这崎岖险阻的道路” ,这句话饱含着对国民以雄健的精神改变国家 积贫积弱状况的期望,对国家未来的信心,饱含着殷殷爱国情,深深赤子心,令人感动,催 人奋进。 〔开放性作业〕 1. 应该是有雄健精神的人, 他以一个奋进者的姿态出现在崎岖道路上, 不怕困难, 不怕牺牲, 奋勇前进,他面对艰难险阻满怀斗争信念,坚信一定要走过这一段困苦的路,到达胜利的彼 岸。2. 相同。这种种趣味其实都是经历艰难险阻以后的趣味,是一种快乐、一种幸福。 3. 使说理透彻,表述生动形象,使作品的内涵更丰富。举例分析略 4. ①不能。 “不全是平坦的” 是说有时平坦,有时不平坦;而“全不是平坦的”则是说任何时候都不是平坦的。②有时流 到很宽阔的境界……极其险峻。5. B6.这种看法是不正确的。无论过去、现在还是将来,雄 健的国民、雄健的精神都是重要的,否则中华民族就无法自立于世界民族之林,中华民族实 现复兴也只是一句空话 。 9 土地的誓言 〔自主性探究〕 1. 略 2. C3. ①热烈而深切②没有根据的话形容十分离奇古怪③远古 4. 端木蕻良东北作家 群九一八事变 5. 这一标题是比较独特的,其要点应在于“誓言” 。应理解为“面对土地发出 的誓言” 。6. 对故乡的无限热爱和深切思念,以及不甘做亡国奴,誓死保卫家乡收复国土的 坚定决心、铮铮誓言。 〔开放性作业〕 1.开始用第三人称,是因为感情起初比较平稳,但随着作者情绪一步步的激动,就抛开读者 直接与自己所叙述的对象进行对话交流。这在修辞上叫做“呼告” ,具有强烈的抒情效果。2. ①“泛滥” ,体现作者的情感犹如决堤之水不可遏抑地四下奔流,更强烈地表达了作者对故乡 的思念和热爱。②“埋葬” ,作者昔日在田垄间留下的快乐欢笑随着“九一八”事变的发生早 已荡然无存,它只属于失去的故园,取而代之的是无尽的凄苦、满腹的愁怨和悲愤,使句子 多了一层沉重的感觉和悲愤的心绪。③“无时无刻不” ,运用双重否定,更加强烈地表现出作 者对故乡的思念。3. ①运用大量富于鲜明感情色彩的词语,直接抒发情感。②运用排比、比 喻修辞手法加强情感的冲击力。③人称的恰当运用。4. 结构上总领第一自然段,内容上抒发 了对家乡的热爱之情, “炽痛”的热爱奠定了全文的感情基调。5. 有白桦林、红高粱、马群、 蒙古狗、黑土地等等,这样写能让读者充分体会到东北地域之广阔与物产之丰富,加大了信 息容量和对读者的冲击力,使人不由自主地产生热爱之情。6.排比,造成连贯的、逐渐增强 的气势,抒发的感情更加强烈,增强了文章的感染力。 10 木兰诗 〔自主性探究〕 1.B2 略 3 略 4 乐府民歌郭茂倩《乐府民歌》女扮男装代父从军《孔雀东南飞》5.①万里
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Cl earl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hir d, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme nt ation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servant s es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

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positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' dut y consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi on s cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per so nal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto posit i ons e njoy a nd self-dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa cities . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il November 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de par tment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for private pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

赴戎机,关山度若飞②朔气传金柝,寒光照铁衣③将军百战死,壮士十年归④雄兔脚扑朔, 雌兔眼迷离⑤ 策勋十二转,赏赐百千强 6 木兰是一个深明大义、勤劳、善良、不慕荣华、 机智警觉、英勇善战、热爱家乡亲人、热爱和平的中国古代女子形象。 〔开放性作业〕 1. 文中详写了木兰从军的动机,途中怀念爷娘的心理活动及回家后与亲人欢聚热闹的场面。 略写了木兰的多年的战争生活。因为主题和塑造人物的需要,文章重点不在于表现木兰驰骋 沙场,杀敌立功,而重在表现她深明大义,不慕荣利,热爱家乡亲人和对和平的向往。2.使 用了动作描写手法,表现了木兰回家后的喜悦心情和恢复女儿装后的激动心情。3 同意。木 兰当初代父从军是因为木兰热爱亲人,热爱祖国,而木兰“不用尚书郎”是因为木兰热爱和 平的幸福生活。4.①这二十个字用得简洁而灵活,烘托出了木兰及其一家紧张而周密地准备 戎装的气氛②爷娘: “相扶将” 写出了两位老人在与女儿阔别十几载后的苍老之态与相见的迫 切之心。阿姊: “理红妆”写出了女子爱美的天性和整装迎贵客的端庄之态。小弟: “磨刀霍 霍”写出了少年人的虎虎生气和盼姐姐回家后内心的喜悦兴奋之情。5.①东市买骏马,西市 买鞍鞯,南市买辔头,北市买长鞭②将军百战死,壮士十年归③开我东阁门,坐我西阁床④ 当窗理云鬓,对镜帖花黄 6.任长霞。一位女子出任一方公安局长,积极从事打黑斗争,是新 时代的女英雄。 〔拓展性学习〕 1.①才②菜汤③洞④给 2 ①远远看去,那就是你的家,那边松树柏树很多,坟墓一大堆。 ②走出门外向东望去,眼泪就流了下来。3 兔从狗窦入,雉从梁上飞。中庭生旅谷,井上生 旅葵。 4 全诗通过对一个久别家乡重归故里的老兵回家时所见情景的描述, 表现了他的孤独 和凄凉,反映了战争的残酷无情,也体现了人民对战争的厌恶和憎恨之情。5.示例一:欣赏 一个浅浅的微笑,会让你忘却生活的无奈与愁苦示例二:欣赏一处小小的风景,会让你体会 心灵的静谧与安宁 6. A7. C 第二单元综合练习 一、积累运用 1.B2.C3.C4.运用比喻的修辞方法,意思是说连战的大陆之行是实现两岸和平统一的重要举 措。5.我们没有采桑织布,却能享受到锦衣华服。多一份感激,就少一份苛刻和冷漠 6.①示 例:黄河远上白云间,一片孤城万仞山(王之涣《凉州词》 )大漠孤烟直,长河落日圆(王维 《使至塞上》 )等②在数千里的黄河流域,由于气候温和,水文条件优越,有利于农作物的生 长,先民们便定居在这里。中华文明的核心地区也都在黄河中下游一带;反映中华民族智慧 的许多古代经典文化著作,也产生于这一地区;标志古代文明的科学技术、发明创造、城市 建设、文学艺术等也同样产生在这里。所以,黄河孕育了中华文明、黄河哺育了中华儿女, 人们常说黄河是中华民族的摇篮,是中华民族的母亲河,其意义就在这里。③示例:在黄河 中游黄土高原实施水土保持,广泛植被,防止过度放牧,以减少黄河泥沙的输入量。节约水 资源,给黄河留足生态水。7.①深林人不知,明月来相照②此夜曲中闻折柳,何人不起故园 情 二、阅读理解 (一)8.写出了早春杨柳长出嫩绿的新叶,丝丝下垂的特征。9.运用比喻,把春风比作神奇 的剪刀,将无形的不可捉摸的春风形象地描绘出来了,突出了春风给大地万物带来的活力。 (二) 10.扑朔迷离: 原意是指不易分辨是雌是雄, 现比喻事情错综复杂, 不易分辨清楚。 11. ①只②早晨③战争,这里指战场④有余 12.①早晨告别父母离家,傍晚时候到达黄河边宿营。 ②脱下我出征时穿的战袍, 穿上我原来穿的衣裳。 13.因为全诗的重点不在于讴歌木兰驰骋沙 场、克敌制胜的英雄行为,而在于讴歌她英勇献身,不贪图荣华富贵、热爱家乡的高尚情操, 所以对十年军旅生活作了高度的概括。14.D
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) r eform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servants es pe ciall y party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

6

positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market eco nomy, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produ ced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is gr eater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto positi ons e njoy a nd self -dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa ci ties . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il N ovember 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de partment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for privat e pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

(三) 15.运用拟人的修辞手法, 写出了荠菜争先恐后地向人们传递春天信息的急切心情。 16 “筋骨”表现在荠菜有发达的根系,深深地扎根于土地之中,默默地、有着顽强的生命力。 “柔情” 表现在每年一开春, 荠菜率先向人们传递着春天的信息, 为大地增添一抹绿色。 17 荠菜,曾经帮助过我们填饱了肚肠度过了春荒,在生活困难时期营养过我们。18 ①默默无 闻,毫不张扬;②平凡中见伟大;③无私奉献,毫无怨言;④不讲条件,不计得失;等。 三、写作(略) 第三单元 11 邓稼先 〔自主性探究〕 1.略 2.略 3. 略 4. “两弹一星” 物理学诺贝尔物理学 5.是为了说明邓稼先是对中华民族从 “任 人宰割”到“站起来了”这巨大转变做出巨大贡献的科学家,是对历史发展产生巨大影响的 历史人物 6.略 〔开放性作业〕 1. 主要工作是成功研制中国的原子弹和氢弹, 他的工作使中华民族完全摆脱了任人宰割的日 子。2.奥本海默是拔尖的人物,锋芒毕露;邓稼先是最不要引人注目、忠厚平实的人、真诚 坦白,从不骄人、没有小心眼儿,一生喜欢“纯”所代表的品格,最有中国农民的朴实气质。 对比的作用:这样更能突出中国的知识分子对祖国的满腔热忱与兢兢业业的科学探索精神, 以及中国人在面对自己国家事务时,表现出的更加可贵的优秀品质,让人再次感念邓稼先之 伟大。3.抒发了对邓稼先的赞美与怀念之情,亲切感人并点明主题。4.描写工作环境的恶 劣艰险,突出邓稼先不怕牺牲和甘愿奉献的精神。5.体现了邓稼先高度的责任感和崇高的奉 献精神。6.碎首黄尘燕然勒功 〔拓展性学习〕 1. (1)母亲深夜敲盆赶鼠。 (2)母亲跪在田中插秧。2 运用比喻(对偶、比拟)的修辞手 法,写出了母亲的勤劳和无私奉献。3 为后文的情节发展作铺垫(或推动故事情节的发展) 。 4 突出了母亲的辛劳,表达出作者对母亲的心疼,对母亲的爱和怀念。5 吃苦耐劳、坚强、 乐观。6 ①少宾语,在句末加上“的问题” 。②把“揭露”改为“表现” 。③去掉“头上的” 。 7 流行音乐是容易被大多数人理解、容易唱奏的、广为流传的音乐。8 示例:金钱可以买 到衣服,但不能买到美丽;金钱可以买到书籍,但不能买到智慧;金钱可以买到玩具,但不 能买到快乐。 12 闻一多先生的说和做 〔自主性探究〕 1—4 略 5.说和做做了再说, 学者做了不说说了就做革命家 6.前期为探索救国救民的出路而 潜心学术,在学术上硕果累累;后期则投身于民主运动,无私无畏,视死如归,成为中国革 命知识分子的楷模。前后期所走的道路不同,但作为一名卓越的学者、一名伟大的爱国者、 一名言行一致的仁人志士,他却是始终如一的。 〔开放性作业〕 1. 闻先生研究唐诗写得较详, 突出了他研究学问的目的在于救国, 研究学问的态度一丝不苟。 而闻先生研究《楚辞校补》和《古典新义》两件事写得较简略,强调“做”了“也没有说” 的意思。2.①告白自己干了什么的意思。②有吹嘘、自诩的意思。 “没有说”是赞扬闻一多 先生的实干精神和谦虚美德。③对革命的宣传和动员,对反动派的揭露和斥责。3.略 4.闻 一多潜心钻研写成《唐诗杂论》 。5.不是“不动” ,而是在“动” ,在废寝忘食地“动” ,用灯 火“漂白了四壁”动。这个“不动”是不说,是无声,是听不到。用“不动”来突出闻先生 的“做” ,突出他沥尽心血,埋头实干。6.如第③节运用比喻,生动形象地写出了闻一多先 生严谨踏实勤奋刻苦的治学态度。
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Cl earl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hir d, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme nt ation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servant s es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

7

positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' dut y consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi on s cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per so nal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto posit i ons e njoy a nd self-dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa cities . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il November 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de par tment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for private pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

〔拓展性学习〕 1.品德精神 2. “读”有“领悟”之意,对人的精神和品质是须慢慢领悟的。3.①水师、路 矿、医学。 (只答出其中一点即可)②文学能唤醒民众,改变人的精神。4 一方面,鲁迅作 品博大精深,不细心品读难解其精神实质;另一方面表达了作者对鲁迅人品的敬重。 5 C6 A7 略 13 音乐巨人贝多芬 〔自主性探究〕 1—3 略 4.德《田园交响曲》 《命运交响曲》5 ①客人参观贝多芬的工作室。②贝多芬和客 人会面以及共进晚餐的情形。③贝多芬回忆他最后一次指挥音乐会的情形。6.坚强的意志、 乐观的态度、顽强的精神。 〔开放性作业〕 1.①耳聋造成了交流的障碍,使人比不上树;远离人世的纷争,就心灵的纯净而言,人不如 树好。②命运加在贝多芬身上的不幸(两耳失聪) 。2.指作为心灵载体的音乐艺术(或心里的 音乐;或永恒的生命艺术) 。3.贝多芬以他整个的生命和热情从事音乐创作,音乐在贝多芬的 心里和笔下已经成为生命的象征,而乐队只能奏出有声的音符,却不能完美传达心灵的律动 和生命的节奏,即贝多芬“心里的音乐” 。4.罗曼·罗兰受贝多芬精神的感召,刻画了一位与 贝多芬经历相似的文学人物,成就了一部著作。5.惊讶、诧异、深切同情、钦佩;人们为他 的表现感到惊讶、诧异,对他两耳失聪感到同情、惋惜,为他两耳失聪后继续献身艺术而感 到由衷的钦佩。6.能坦然镇定地面对生活中的痛苦和不幸,具有豁达、乐观、勇敢的精神。 14 福楼拜家的星期天 〔自主性探究〕 1 略 2 ①饰②即③谬④蔼 3—4 略 5 星期天福楼拜家, 六层楼的一个单身宿舍以福楼拜 为核心人物,屠格涅夫、都德、左拉逐个登场一次家庭聚会 6 肖像、语言、动作等描写方法。例子分析略。 〔开放性作业〕 1.福楼拜:热情奔放,容易激动,和蔼可亲,博学睿智。屠格涅夫:怀有狂热的理想,醉心 文学事业,博学多识。都德:生性活跃,健谈,厌恶腐朽的生活方式。左拉:温和、寡言、 坚毅、聪慧。2.作用:有助于揭示人物的性格特征,使读者更深刻地认识到这四位作家。例 如:对屠格涅夫与福楼拜的会面,作者议论说: “……两人常常是一拍即合,一见面,两人都 不约而同地感到一种与其说是相互理解的愉快,倒不如说是心灵内在的欢乐。 ”3. 详写。因 为左拉是四个人中最与众不同的一个,形象特别,个性鲜明,所以详写。4.他习惯用手捋着 自己的胡子尖。5. ①比喻,生动形象地写出了福楼拜的嗓音特别洪亮。②比喻,生动形象地 写出了他的热情奔放。6.他担心亲爱的文学朋友误入荒谬的学说中,也担心文学创作的正确 道路被埋没。 15 孙权劝学 〔自主性探究〕 1—4 略 5 孙权劝学吕蒙就学鲁肃赞学 6 孙权希望吕蒙博览群书, 而不必做专门研究。 他 自己认为经常读书,受益匪浅。 〔开放性作业〕 1 当涂掌事,不可不学军中多务 2 吕蒙。写孙权是为了写其劝吕蒙奋发学习;写鲁肃是为 了证明吕蒙奋发学习的效果。3 略 4 当时专管经学传授的学官学位的最高一级 5 ①吴下 阿蒙:比喻人学识尚浅。②刮目相待:指别人已有显著的进步,不能再用老眼光来看待。6 吕蒙在求学时的坚毅精神; 表现了自己的学习成就; 对鲁肃以老眼光看待自己的批评。 启示: 要虚心,接受别人的意见,有则改之,无则加勉。
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) r eform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servants es pe ciall y party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

8

positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market eco nomy, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produ ced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is gr eater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto positi ons e njoy a nd self -dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa ci ties . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il N ovember 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de partment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for privat e pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

〔拓展性学习〕 1.①周到、周全;②全、都;③少;④代词,代指王安石。2 王安石把富贵看得很轻,吝啬 什么呢?3 D4 因为曾巩觉得王安石往往不能知错就改。关键词“孝顺、有担当、公正、待 人真诚” 。 (结合关键词联系文章作答)5.B6 示例:犹如品尝香醇的美酒使你陶醉其中犹如 聆听智者的教诲使你茅塞顿开 第三单元综合练习 一、积累运用 1.A2 C3.D4. ①法莫泊桑 《羊脂球》 《项链》 ② 《红烛》 《死水》 ③司马光 《资治通鉴》 5. B6. D7. 语 文是清凉可口的泉水,让人清甜解渴; 语文是芳香浓郁的咖啡,让人温馨浪漫; 语文是新 鲜味美的果汁, 让人滋心润肺 8.①马上相逢无纸笔凭君传语报平安②正是江南好风景落花时 节又逢君 二、阅读理解 (一)9.对比。用“雨前”和“雨后”情景两相对比,表现了作者面对满园落红残春油然而 生的惋惜之情。10.蜜蜂、蝴蝶见此残景,也大失所望,纷纷绕墙而去,它们相信春色正在邻 家的院子呢,这也让作者不由得怀疑“春色在邻家” 。作者把原无理性的蜂蝶赋予“人”的智 慧,把蜂蝶追逐春色的神态、心理写得活灵活现,妙趣横生。 (二)11.①涉猎:粗略地读。 ②乃:于是,就。 ③更:重新。④见事:认清事物。 12.①吕蒙用军务繁多为借口推辞。②我难道是想让你研究儒家经典成为专管经学传授的学 官吗?13. 是因为鲁肃被吕蒙的才略所折服。 14. 我们要不断地学习, 活到老, 学到老。 15. A (三)16.修得快;修得称心。17.作用是暗示该职业的平凡、从事者的平凡,为升华主题 作铺垫。18 花无冬历夏地开着,老鞋匠也是无冬历夏在补鞋,长年不谢的花是整日不闲地 为人修补鞋子的老鞋匠的写照。19 这句话表达了作者对补鞋匠深深的敬意。补鞋匠鞋修得 快,为人们节省了时间;补鞋匠鞋修得好,使人们更充分利用时间。作者借此称赞老鞋匠是 个平凡而伟大的人。20 老鞋匠是一个朴实、能想他人所想,受人尊敬的老人。 三、写作(略) 第四单元 16 社戏 〔自主性探究〕 1—3.略 4.小说鲁迅周树人《野草》 《朝花夕拾》 《呐喊》 《彷徨》 5.看社戏夏夜行船月夜归航 6.这三个人,选择谁都可以,只要言之成理即可。如:双喜最聪 明, “我”能去看戏,他功劳最大,而且他热情、机灵、能干,善于为他人着想。六一公公老 实厚道, “我们” “偷了”他家的豆,只因“我”夸了他一句, “竟非常感激起来” ;后来他又 亲自送豆,表现了他的热情、好客、淳朴的性格。阿发带领小伙伴偷自家的豆来招待“我” , 表现了他纯洁无私的心灵。 〔开放性作业〕 1.不矛盾。豆是普通的豆,戏是普通的戏,但令“我”难忘的是那夜自由美好的经历,值得 怀念的是那些小朋友天真活泼、热情好客的性格,淳朴无私的品德和纯真的友谊。所谓“那 夜似的好豆” “那夜似的好戏” ,代表了作者对天真烂漫、自由有趣的童年美好的回忆,充满 一种浪漫的理想色彩,表现对人生理想境界的渴望和追求。2. 作者浓墨重彩地详写看社戏, 包括看戏前的波折,去看戏途中的见闻和感受,看戏的过程和月夜归航路上偷豆的情形,令 人读来如身临其境,深受感染。而对于得以看戏的机缘,社戏的内容,看戏后的余波,则简 略地带过。 这样处理更好地突出了小说的主题,也使行文浓淡疏密,错落有致。 启发:我 们要根据中心的需要合理地安排详略,突出重点。3.本句运用了比喻这一修辞手法,生动形 象地表现了船行之快和孩子们归航的愉快心情。 “连夜渔的……”一句,运用侧面描写烘托了
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Cl earl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hir d, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme nt ation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servant s es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

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positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' dut y consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi on s cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per so nal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto posit i ons e njoy a nd self-dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa cities . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il November 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de par tment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for private pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

孩子们驾船技术的熟练与高超。4.动作描写环境描写 5.①嗅觉: “水草所发散出来的清香” ; ②触觉: “夹杂在水气中扑面的吹来” ;③视觉: “月色便朦胧在这水气里” ;④听觉: “听到歌 吹” , “横笛宛转,悠扬” 。作用:作者从色彩、气味和声响等方面来写景,情景交融,充满水 乡特色,烘托了孩子们去看戏时的急切而愉快的心情,给读者以美的享受。6.急切而陶醉。 船行极快却还以为船慢;似乎听到歌吹了;望见几点火便想象为戏台;听到笛声而“自失” 等。 〔拓展性学习〕 1 对于劝募人聊以塞责。 2 相同: 两场戏都枯燥乏味, 两场戏都没有看到什么, 看戏的 “我” 两次都中途告退。地点不同:都市和乡村;心情不同:沉重压抑与轻松自在。 3 不相同。这次看戏,环境拥挤,人与人关系冷漠,心情窝囊压抑,表现了厌烦和倦怠。看 社戏是景色美丽醉人,人们淳朴、善良,表达对劳动人民的热爱和对美好生活的向往。 4 这组句子运用了反复排比的手法, 写出了看京戏过程中自己煎熬难耐的心情, 表达了心绪 的压抑烦闷。5 A6 C 17 安塞腰鼓 〔自主性探究〕 1—4.略 5. 第一个空填“安静” ,第三个空填“寂静” ,第二个空可填的词语较多,如“豪放” “狂舞” 等。 6.同意哪一种观点都可以。只要结合具体语句分析,言之成理即可。 〔开放性作业〕 1. 西北,是中华民族的主要发源地,曾有过秦、汉、唐的强盛,拥有雄睨世界的辉煌文明。 在今天, 凝重的土地, 贫困的生活, 西北好像落伍了。 但是 “消化着红豆角角老南瓜的躯体” , 并没有因生活的贫苦和封闭而丧失希望,复生的生命能量就在这沉重的躯壳内奔突,终有一 天会喷发的。这里的人们是有希望的,这里的土地是有希望的。落后是暂时的,只要生命还 在期盼“搏击” ,重生之日并不遥远。2. 以动衬静。诗句如:①明月别枝惊鹊,清风半夜鸣 蝉;②月出惊山鸟,时鸣春涧中;③鸟宿池边树,僧敲月下门。3. ①铿锵的语句:课文多用 短句表现内容,如“忘情了,没命了”有力地表现了生命沸腾、力量喷涌、不可遏止的情景。 ②激昂的排比:本文大量运用排比,句与句、段与段之间的排比,不仅交错出现,而且一连 许多,如“使人想起……愈捶愈烈”等句,都是一连用了三个排比段落,犹如江河一泻千里。 ③生动的比喻:用“被强震不断击起的石头,狂舞在你的面前”形容击鼓的力量和气势,用 “骤雨”形容鼓点的急促,用“旋风”形容流苏的飞扬等等,不仅增强了语言的形象性,而 且把抽象的“力量”变成形象生动、可视、可感的东西。4. 所联想的事物都豪迈、壮烈、深 沉,与浑厚的鼓声、深厚的高原相应,同时也给人以历史感,从更广阔的时空写出安塞腰鼓 所蕴含的民族力量以及作者对它的无限神往。5.①“好一个安塞腰鼓”是文章的抒情线索, 它反复出现,表达了作者对安塞腰鼓无限赞美的深情。同时,在反复咏叹中层层递进,直把 情感步步推向高峰。②用江南衬托黄土高原的生机勃勃,充满活力,蕴含着无穷无尽的力量。 〔拓展性学习〕 1.突出故乡红叶的种种优势,为后文写自己的不平做铺垫。2 ①亲切:看到香山红叶,想 起故乡红叶,心中涌起一种熟悉而亲近的情感。②惆怅:为满山绚丽的红叶无人欣赏而叹惋, 为自己无法坦然回乡赏叶而失落。3 运用比喻、拟人的修辞手法,使红叶成为父亲、村人的 化身,他们一样的朴实、宽厚、多情,一样值得作者深爱。4 示例:每个人的生活状况不同, 生活方式不同,性格爱好不同,只要能做自己喜欢的事,能活得率性、洒脱、快乐就好。对 故乡的深情眷恋;对亲情的珍惜;对农民辛苦劳作而精神匮乏的生存状况的忧思;对巨大的 城乡差异的不平。5. ①“安塞腰鼓是由几人或上千人一同进行表演”删掉“是”或在句末加
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) r eform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servants es pe ciall y party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

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positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market eco nomy, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produ ced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is gr eater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto positi ons e njoy a nd self -dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa ci ties . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il N ovember 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de partment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for privat e pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

上“的舞蹈” 。②“国家非常尊重非物质文化遗产的保护”中把 “尊重”改为“重视” 。③“安 塞腰鼓是安塞三绝”句末加上“之一” 。6.示例:秋,以她的遍地金黄、硕果累累来回报耕耘; 冬,以她的萧条荒凉、风雪载途来孕育春天。 18 竹影 〔自主性探究〕 1—2.略 3. ①“弥漫”写出了夜色降临的情景,把那种幽暗的朦胧的光用动态的形式表现, 充满了美感。②“闪烁”生动地描写出月亮被摇动的“竹影” “切成许多不规则的小块”的动 感。4.丰子恺丰润画家散文家 5. 本文写了“我”和小伙伴看天看月看人影看竹影,并在地 上画竹影的故事,爸爸的一番话让“我”对中国画有了更多的了解和感悟。6.中国画像符号, 西洋画像照相。中国画不注重“像不像” ,凡画一物,只要能表现出一种美的姿态、一种活的 神气,就是佳作了。 〔开放性作业〕 1. “好像脱了版的印刷”比喻新颖贴切,生动描绘出月亮渐高,竹影与地上孩子先时画的竹 影不吻合,形成叠影的美妙画面,从中可以看出,作者观察细致,联想丰富,笔下文字很有 生活情趣。2. ①孩子观察细致,能发现一些成年人不会注意的事物。②孩子们对大人们不以 为然、一笑了之的事情会追根究底,他们对什么事都有好奇心,有认真的劲头。③孩子的注 意力容易转移,不专注。3. “这画法真好玩呢! ”爸爸博学、和善、善于保护孩子的好奇心。 4. 是写华明。比喻的手法,使文章语言生动、形象,而且读起来很有童趣。5. 日光到月光 的转换,使景物也随之变化。人的感受中,日光下景物是温暖的、欢快的,而月光下却是清 冷的、凄凉的。6. 留心生活,善于观察。 19 观舞记 〔自主性探究〕 1—4.略 5.本文以优美的语言描写了印度舞蹈家卡拉玛姐妹的舞蹈。赞美了印度舞蹈的艺术 魅力和中印人民之间深厚的友情。6.阳刚阴柔 〔开放性作业〕 1. 身体、服饰、神态、心灵等方面。2. 艺术上的交流,能增强世界各国各民族之间的互相 了解和沟通。所有优秀的艺术家,都必须根植于本民族的文化土壤中,卡拉玛姐妹也一样。 没有印度悠久文化的熏陶, 没有印度文化历史的内涵, 卡拉玛姐妹的舞蹈不会这样美妙动人。 3. 这段话使用比喻的说法,形象地传达出“我”观看精妙的舞蹈表演后,一时之间不知该用 什么语言来形容的激动喜悦的心情。4. 这段文字运用了排比、比喻等修辞手法,从舞蹈者的 神态的角度,动作的优美来表现卡拉玛舞蹈艺术的精妙,尽显舞蹈的丰富内涵。5. 她完全沉 迷于舞蹈艺术,进入忘我的艺术境界。6. 对卡拉玛舞蹈的高度赞叹。如晏几道: “舞低杨柳 楼心月,歌尽桃花扇底风” 。 〔拓展性学习〕 1 不偏题,开头这样写,为下文写昙花的绝美绽放作铺垫,同时更突出了厚积才能薄发的主 旨。 2 昙花的开放是一种辉煌与死亡几乎同时到达的壮烈和凄婉之美, 所以让作者触目惊心; 昙花的怒放转瞬即逝,作者只能无奈地面对昙花的凋敝,感受着辉煌消失后的孤寂,所以怅 然若失。3.作者采用了比喻、拟人的修辞手法,把盛开的昙花比喻为“一位美妙绝伦的白衣 少女” ,写少女“赤着脚从云中翩然而至” “抖开了素洁的衣裙”和“开始舞蹈”将昙花盛开 的过程和美丽的形态生动形象地表现出来,从中可以真切地感受到作者对昙花的热情赞美。 4 略。要点提示:①成功不可能一蹴而就,往往是长期坚守、厚积薄发的结果。②在走向成 功的过程中,需要一丝不苟的态度和全力以赴的精神,只有这样,才能尽情绽放生命的光彩。 ③联系生活实际进行阐述。5.D6 B 20 口技
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Cl earl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hir d, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme nt ation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servant s es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

11

positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' dut y consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi on s cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per so nal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto posit i ons e njoy a nd self-dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa cities . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il November 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de par tment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for private pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

〔自主性探究〕 1—5.略 6.善 7.一个四口之家在深夜由睡而醒、由醒复睡的情形;一次失火到救火的过程。 〔开放性作业〕 1.首尾呼应;同时强调道具的简单,从侧面表现口技艺人依靠的是高超的技艺,突出了表演 者技艺之“善” 。2. 从听众的角度。侧面描写。3. 妙:①妙处②美妙、奇妙绝:①极②消失 4. 略 5. 由远及近,由外到内,由小到大,由少到多。6. 这是以老鼠跑动偷食声、 “盆器倾 侧”声、妇人梦中的咳嗽声为反衬,加重深夜的静谧气氛,表现一家人由醒复睡后的沉寂状 态,并为下面即将表现的大火灾蓄势。 〔拓展性学习〕 1.曾经点头盖打发 2.①你也会射箭吗?我射箭的本领不也很精湛吗?②慢慢地用杓子把油 倒进葫芦,油从铜钱的孔中注进去,却不沾湿铜钱。3.用自己倒油的事例来折服陈康肃公, 用事实证明“惟手熟尔”的道理。4 C5. 略 6.示例:一会儿如阵阵轻风,抚慰灵魂;一会 儿如丝丝细雨,诉说真情 第四单元综合练习 一、积累运用 1. B2. D3.C4. A5. C6. C7. D8. (1)提示:①单字的,双字的。②一般具有性别特征。③ 有通俗的,有文雅的。④有地域特征的。 (2)①直白的②含蓄的③纪念性的④与风俗有关的 (3)示例一:弘毅,选自《论语》中“士不可以不弘毅,任重而道远”一语,意思是刚强、 勇毅(宽宏、坚毅) ,寄寓父母的期望——树立远大理想,具有坚定的信念。示例二:招娣, 巧用谐音,希望能招来一个弟弟,有男有女,家庭生活和谐美满。 二、阅读理解 9.略 10.①夹杂②大腿③拉④几乎 11. D12.略 13 B 14 种菜的收获、乐趣和感悟。 15 灌木一样的茎秆,缠缠绕绕爬满棚架的枝蔓,累累实实吊挂着的青的、红的、白的、紫 的果实。 16 用冬天里“四周荒凉冷寂”的环境描写衬托门前菜园的绿意迎人,乐你心田,突出门前 菜园的生机盎然的景象。 17 菜园间锻炼;解除疲乏;放松心情;接近农民。 三、写作表达(略) 第五单元 21 伟大的悲剧 〔自主性探究〕 1—2.略 3.①形容十分恐惧。②指美好的往事(或对美好往事的回忆)4.略 5. 课文的主要情节是: 斯科特探险队五人筋疲力尽却又满怀希望奔向南极点, 却悲哀地发现 已经有人捷足先登,只好垂头丧气地踏上归途,最后一个个悲壮地死去。课文表达的思想感 情:颂扬人类勇于探索的精神,为事业而献身的崇高精神和强烈的集体主义精神。6. 斯科特 在与大自然的搏斗中失败了,献出了宝贵的生命,这对于他本人、他的祖国以及整个人类而 言,都是一场悲剧。但是在与大自然的搏斗中,他的心灵经受了考验,变得无比崇高,表现 出诚信、坚毅、强烈的集体主义精神及无私的爱等人类的优秀品质,有价值的、美的毁灭当 然是伟大的悲剧。 〔开放性作业〕 1.是文章的主旨句,起点题的作用。2.作者在这里用了拟人的手法,表达的是斯科特和伙 伴痛苦万分的心情。此刻,风中飘扬的国旗就是他的对手,似乎是胜利者站在那里洋洋自得、 不可一世。3.不是作者的观点。因为作者为他们立传本身就说明了作者对他们的肯定态度,
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) r eform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servants es pe ciall y party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

12

positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market eco nomy, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produ ced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is gr eater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto positi ons e njoy a nd self -dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa ci ties . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il N ovember 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de partment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for privat e pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

而且文中处处的评论也表明了作者对他们伟大人格的崇敬和赞美之情。 4. 渲染了南极的酷寒、 阴冷。烘托出斯科特一行此时失望、沮丧、终至绝望的心情,并为下文五人的相继献身作铺 垫。5.体现了队友们为奥茨的这种泰然而又决然的英雄气概所震撼,也表现出他们惜别战友 的心痛和无奈。6.不是懦弱的表现。因为从当时的实际情况来看,已经没有任何生还的希望 了。他们选择死亡,以及临死前的不哀叹,更是英雄气概的表现。 〔拓展性学习〕 1 因为女儿知道, 父亲其实是不舍得吃面包才这样说的, 因此买回了比面包更好更贵的鸡腿, 想让父亲吃上好东西。从中可以看出,女儿是一个懂事、孝顺、聪明的女孩。2 这个词写出 了父亲看到女儿哭泣感到不解的神态,表现出父爱的无私与真挚。3 运用比喻的修辞手法, 把这对父女比作最美的风景, 表达了对父女间相互关怀的亲情之爱的感动及赞美之情。 4 示 例:爸爸,您的心里全是女儿,却没有您自己,您对女儿的爱比山高,比海深。谢谢您,爸 爸。5 D6. (1) “犯”应改为“范” ; (2) “服务法律”改为“法律服务” ; (3)语序不当, “常态治安管理模式” 与 “临时应急机制” 对调; (4) “增强了广大市民保护生态环境的意识” 与中心不符,应删去。如果把“保护生态环境”改成“安全”或“法制”等也对; (5) “共同 构筑起首都平安”句子不完整,应加上宾语“的铜墙铁壁”或“的钢铁长城”等; (6) “控制” 与“社会治安”搭配不当,应改为“维护” “维持”等。 (如有其他改法,只要合理也可) 22 在沙漠中心 〔自主性探究〕 1—4.略 5.缺水风沙大,却无躲避之处。 “我试着喝了两三口纯乙醚……之后我又喝了一点 儿 90 度的酒精” “我在沙地上挖了一个坑,我躺在里面,然后再用沙子盖住身体。只有我的 脸露在外面”6. ①回顾被困沙漠的窘态;②内心深处的感情流露,与朋友告别;③进一步阐 释“生活”的意义;④抒发“我”死得其所、死而无憾的心情。 〔开放性作业〕 1. “我”不仅仅是在与自然抗争,也在进行着自我内心的抗争,虽然并不能说他是一个完美 的英雄形象, 但可以称得上是一个勇敢的人。 2. 用第一人称叙述, 可以十分详尽地描写 “我” 的心理活动。这就大大加强了文章的真实效果,读来兴味盎然。3. 沙漠恶劣的环境与弱小无 助的“我”形成鲜明的对比,全景展现在读者面前,让人很快融入其中,心情也随之紧张起 来。4. 这是“我”在感觉已经濒临死亡时所思考的问题,我觉得芸芸众生在忙碌平庸的生活 中日渐麻木,他们像虫豸一样活着,生命对于他们来说已经丧失了意义。5. 表现了“我”对 自己飞行工作的自豪与热爱。 “我”认为在自由自在的飞行中创造了生命,找到了自己心的家 园。创造会有成败,但这并不重要,重要的是保持创造的热忱。6. 略 〔拓展性学习〕 1.既指“我”驱车二千公里,回到故乡,和土地的亲密接触;也指“我”对故乡的深深眷恋 之情。2 三个“犹如”领起的句子,运用了排比修辞,句式整齐,节奏感强,形象地描绘出 了小苗的蓬勃生命力和姿态。其中“黝黑、晶莹剔透”细腻地刻画出了泥土和水珠的富饶和 空明澄澈的特点。3 插叙。补充当年班主任对自己说的话和曾经一名学生的事情,这正是自 己奋斗的动力源泉,使文章的情节更完整,使文章内容更充实。4 示例:美好的故乡,前进 的故乡,我深爱的土地,漂泊在外的我,一定给您争气。家乡的孩子们珍惜当下的环境,努 力读书啊。5 C6 D 23 登上地球之巅 〔自主性探究〕 1—4.略 5.三大困难:寒冷、黑夜、缺氧。他们靠意志、毅力、团结合作和勇于牺牲的精神 克服这些困难的。6.主要写了刘连满这个人物,采用了心理描写,感受到了他的坚强、勇敢 和自我牺牲的精神。
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Cl earl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hir d, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme nt ation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servant s es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

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positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' dut y consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi on s cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per so nal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto posit i ons e njoy a nd self-dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa cities . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il November 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de par tment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for private pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

〔开放性作业〕 1. ①恶劣的环境,反衬登山队员的坚强和勇敢。②写珠穆朗玛峰的美丽,使读者有身临其境 的感觉,在阅读效果上还给人以一张一弛的感觉和美的享受。2.遇到困难时应鼓起勇气,勇 往直前,只要有顽强意志,任何困难都会迎刃而解。 (也可围绕加强集体观念来谈,同学之间 要互帮互助)3. 用“一寸一寸”表明上升的缓慢,也突出登山的艰难。4.①提示事情发展的 进程。②也写出运动员们前进时内心对顶峰的向往。5.“斩钉截铁”表明了说话语气的果断 坚决。 “异口同声”表明两人的说法完全一致,用两个词强调了屈银华和贡布向主峰发起进攻 的决心之大,意志之坚定。6.略。 (只要能写出他们经过思想斗争最后决定继续前进即可) 24 真正的英雄 〔自主性探究〕 1—2.略 3.①A②C③B4.演讲词里根 5. 可以参考课文第四段第一句话作答。6. 表达了作者 对七名宇航员遇难的沉痛哀悼之情,赞美了他们为科学事业而献身的精神。 〔开放性作业〕 1. 哀悼罹难的航天勇士,颂扬人类的探索精神,号召人们化悲痛为力量,踏着先烈开辟的道 路,继续进行太空探索。2. 具体指英雄主义、献身精神、开拓精神,巨大的勇气,令人信赖 的声誉,刚毅不屈的品质等。这种百折不挠地探索未知领域的精神绝不只属于美国,它是属 于全人类的。3. 人类的梦想与光荣虽然非常美好,但道路是艰辛的,充满了曲折与荆棘,人 类要想走向美好的明天,就需要不断地与各种艰难险阻作斗争。4.麦考利芙是全美选出的教 师代表,是世界上第一位“太空教师” 。她参加这次太空航行,意义非同寻常。在这里“整个 国家的想象力”可以理解为代表着美国未来和希望的中小学生。5.人类探索太空的历史,本 来就是一部冒险的历史,一部勇敢者的历史。宇航员的每一次升空,都意味着危险,可能一 去不返,但他们不害怕,而是大义凛然,义无反顾,随时做好了牺牲的准备。从这个意义上 说,不管成功还是失败,每一个升空的宇航员都是胜利者,都是勇敢的人,都值得人们学习。 6.“我们”指里根自己和所有知道了这场悲剧的美国人们; “他们”指那些曾参与开发美国西 部的人们; “你们”指所有关注历史、关注美国的美国人民。这样转换人称可将历史和现实结 合在一起,激起人们对英雄们更深的理解和感悟,且能从中获得启发和教育。 25 短文两篇 〔自主性探究〕 1—4.略 5.复述:略。 《夸父逐日》表现了夸父无比的英雄气概,反映了古代人民探索、征服 大自然的强烈愿望和顽强意志。6.共工与颛顼相争为帝,共工怒触不周山,造成了天翻地覆 的变化,它曲折反映了原始部落间的激烈斗争和自然界的巨变。 〔开放性作业〕 1.探索精神说明了夸父的宏大志向、巨大力量与气魄。2.不仅表现他本领大,更丰富了这 个英雄的形象,表现出一种勇于追求,为人类造福、死而不已的精神。以此结尾使整则故事 产生了强烈的感人效果和浪漫主义魅力。3.略 4.共工失败。怒 5.是对共工英雄形象所表 现的伟力的神化和讴歌,也揭示了先民探索宇宙奥秘的强烈愿望和求索精神。 〔拓展性学习〕 1 ①没有②果然,果真③这个④怎么办 2 ①杞国有个人担忧天会塌下来,地会陷下去,自 己的身体无处可藏,因而睡不着觉,吃不下饭。②如果天真是一股积聚的气体,那么太阳、 月亮和星星不就要掉下来了吗?3 常比喻不必要的或缺乏根据的忧虑和担心。 4 忧地忧天, 匹夫有责。20 世纪下半期,灾难深重的中华民族终于迎来了科学的春天,为了不辜负这千载 难逢的历史机遇,早日实现现代化,也为了征救严重的全球性生态危机,21 世纪该忧地忧天 了。5.(1)将第一处引号改为书名号。 (2)将“增加”改为“提高”或“提升” 。6.略 第五单元综合练习
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) r eform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servants es pe ciall y party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

14

positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market eco nomy, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produ ced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is gr eater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto positi ons e njoy a nd self -dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa ci ties . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il N ovember 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de partment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for privat e pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

一、积累运用 1. B2. D3. D4. C5. A6. A7. C8. (1)示例:项目一:硬笔(钢笔)书法讲座。目的:明 确硬笔(钢笔)的意义,了解书法知识。项目二:书法作品鉴赏。目的:欣赏书法作品,激 发练字兴趣。 (2)示例:①练好钢笔书法,传承汉字文化。②写漂亮字,做优秀人 二、阅读理解 9—11.略 12.①略②夸父是一位勇敢追求、死而不已、甘为人类造福的人。文章反映了古代 人民探索、征服大自然的强烈愿望和顽强精神。13 线索:奶奶的粽子。依次写了:①奶奶 为包粽子做精心准备。②奶奶包粽子的灵活。③奶奶煮粽子的漫长。④我睡醒后吃粽子。⑤ 我对奶奶的思念。14 第一段用轻松活泼的歌谣既点明了端午节吃粽子,又自然引起童年的 回忆。第二段写端午节早晨的美好,为下文奶奶早起包粽子做铺垫。这两段为写“奶奶的粽 子”渲染了一种喜庆、美好的氛围。15 因为奶奶的粽子是我儿时最美好、最温馨的回忆, 一直伴随着我长大;奶奶的粽子清爽、纯粹,那种清香沉淀在心里,让我从最简单的生活中 品味美好;奶奶的粽子包含着浓浓的温暖和爱,寄托着我对奶奶的怀念。16 略 三、写作(略) 第六单元 26 猫 〔自主性探究〕 1—4.略 5.第一只:要来的花白活泼病死酸辛第二只:要来的黄色更活泼亡失怅然第三只: 拾来的花白不活泼亡失难过、自责 6.仅仅根据一点可疑的迹象,就得出主观臆断是错误的, 依靠自己的强势话语权和暴力进行随意的惩戒只会伤害无辜。 〔开放性作业〕 1.文中的“我” ,是三只猫的主人,既是前两只猫的悲剧的目击者,又是第三只猫的悲剧制 造者,文章采用第一人称,便于抒发作者的真情实感,揭示作品的主题,引起读者共鸣,收 到强烈的艺术效果。2.这样写使第三只猫与前两只猫形成鲜明的对比,第三只猫的命运被衬 托得更加悲惨,引起人们更加深切的同情,更加突出了“我”的过失之大,悔恨之深,因而 更有力地突出了文章的中心。3.略 4.芙蓉鸟死的样子好像是被什么东西咬的,而找到这 只猫时它的嘴里好像还在吃着什么,尤其是在这之前它还多次跳上桌子对鸟笼凝望着。5.因 为第三只猫死于无辜的结局是“我”轻率判断造成的,这留给“我”无法挽回的遗恨,远远 超出了前两只猫的亡失所造成的一时的辛酸和怅然。这表明“我”是一个有良知、善于反省 自己、勇于承担责任的人。6.这一句话充满了“我”对自己的自责,是对自己良心的责问, 饱含了忏悔、负疚、痛苦的思想感情。同时与文章的开头呼应,在结构上形成了首尾呼应的 特点。 〔拓展性学习〕 1.①池塘里各种鲜活的生命让“我”体验到找到朋友般的快乐;②冬天的池塘让“我”感到 市区朋友般的烦恼;③春归池塘让“我”再次感到了热闹和快乐;④一夜的风雨伤残了荷叶, 也伤了“我”的心;⑤一只跌落荷塘的小鸟,引起“我”的同情和可怜;⑥一只白鹅对小鸟 的救助让“我”感到了雄壮和伟大。2 ①“牢牢”一词表达了“我”看见“露珠” “鱼群” 时快乐的心境,从侧面表现出“我”童年时的孤独境况。②“融融的”准确传神地描绘出春 天来临时, “我”看见“朋友”归来后温暖的心理。3 画线语句使用了夸张的修辞手法,生 动形象而又夸张地表现了白鹅游来时池塘为之一亮的景象, 渲染了故事情节发生的突然变化, 表达了“我”异常紧张的心理。4 不能。因为标题“池塘”交代了故事发生的地点,点明了 行文线索,简洁凝练,能吸引读者的阅读兴趣。若改为“我孤独的童年生活”则过于平淡, 不能表现出这种效果。5 D6 有了它,才使平淡的生活变得更加丰富多彩。
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Cl earl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hir d, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme nt ation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servant s es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

15

positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' dut y consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi on s cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per so nal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto posit i ons e njoy a nd self-dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa cities . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il November 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de par tment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for private pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

27 斑羚飞渡 〔自主性探究〕 1—2.略 3.①好像做梦刚刚醒过来的样子,指对某件事情突然间顿悟,明白了过来。②指环 境十分清洁的样子。③两者比较起来,稍微好一点。4.沈石溪 5.一群被逼至绝境的斑羚,为 赢得种群的生存机会,用牺牲一半挽救另一半的方法摆脱困境的壮举。6. 略 〔开放性作业〕 1.写了山势险峻及斑羚跳跃的能力和极限,对这两方面的描写和说明,是为显示这群斑羚已 彻底陷入了绝境。为下文写老斑羚的自我牺牲来拯救种群的行为做铺垫。2.重点写头羊的三 次叫声。印象:富于智慧,有决断力,遇事镇定,临危不乱等。3.①作者抓住关键动词描述 了惊心动魄的飞渡场面。②用了形象的比喻描写老斑羚。③用了鲜明的对比。4.好。使意思 层层递进,突出了“我”对斑羚绝境求生时所表现出的智慧和献身精神由衷的敬佩,以及对 老斑羚死亡的痛惜。 5. 不多余, 这些内容从侧面表现了斑羚飞渡的壮举带给人的震撼。 6. 第 一处烘托了斑羚飞渡的气势渲染了飞渡的壮美;第二处渲染出了头羊自我牺牲的崇高之美。 〔拓展性学习〕 1 小猎狗在被别人瞧不起的情况下通过自身的努力获得了别人的尊重。2 “挤”这一动作 表现出小猎狗希望猎人关注自己的迫切心理。 “还是”则强调了猎人对小猎狗的忽视。凸显了 小猎狗被忽视后的伤心失落。3 “公狼的出现”使小猎狗有了展示自己的机会,使故事情节 发生逆转,达到高潮。4.示例:小猎狗角度:①面对自己的缺陷,面对他人的嘲笑,内心必 须强大。②不能满足于现状,要有自己的追求。③不要怕挫折,要坚持不懈地努力。④要敢 于在关键时刻亮出自己。⑤相信只要努力,就会赢得别人的尊重。猎人(人们)角度:①不 可以貌取人,不要随意轻视一个人。②要看到别人的努力。③要客观地评价一个人。十条猎 狗角度:①不要嘲笑别人。②不要去轻视一个看似比你弱小的人。③不要盲从。5 B6 略 28 华南虎 〔自主性探究〕 1—4.略 5.在笼中,失去了自由,被人侮辱,铰掉趾爪,锯掉钢牙,受到肉体折磨和精神的 摧残。6. ①老虎斑斓的面孔/和火焰似的眼睛;又长又粗的尾巴;你的健壮的腿。②你是梦 见了苍苍莽莽的山林吗?是屈辱的心灵在抽搐吗?还是由于悲愤/你用同样破碎的牙齿/把 它们和着热血咬掉……③它都一概不理!还是想用尾巴鞭打那些可怜而可笑的观众?④恍惚 之中听见一声/石破天惊的咆哮,有一个不羁的灵魂/掠过我的头顶/腾空而去灰灰的水泥 墙壁上/有一道一道的血淋淋的沟壑 〔开放性作业〕 1. 观众对华南虎“砸” “呵斥” “劝诱” ,冷漠粗暴; “我”良知未泯,从华南虎身上,我感到 一种沉寂在内心深处的精神力量,灵魂被震撼而觉醒。评价:略 2. 文章以虎为象征,表现 了作者自己在困境中不屈的人格及对自由的渴望。 3. 被囚在牢笼中的华南虎, 代表着不屈的 生命,执着的灵魂;铁笼:禁锢自由、代表邪恶。 “我”象征了对精神自由、人格独立的极度 渴望的人。4.①观众“胆怯”是因为他们卑微,即便是面对老虎威严的背影,他们都深感恐 惧。 “绝望”指他们用各种手段想逗引老虎而它一概不理。②加点的词语表现了华南虎对自由 的向往,壮阔、博大的“苍苍莽莽的山林”是它灵魂和力量的家园。5. 表现了老虎对观众及 其所代表的生存形式的轻蔑,更显示出华南虎的高傲本色。6.作为百兽之王,自己的尊严被 践踏,自己的自由被剥夺,所以感到“屈辱” 。7. 面对铁栅栏中的华南虎, “我”毕竟良心未 泯,从老虎那“血淋淋”的“悲愤”中, “我”感到了沉寂在内心深处的良心谴责,感到了现 世众生的人格堕落,感到了“观众”的冷漠、市侩与无耻,所以羞愧地离开。 29 马 〔自主性探究〕
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) r eform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servants es pe ciall y party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

16

positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market eco nomy, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produ ced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi ons cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is gr eater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto positi ons e njoy a nd self -dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa ci ties . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il N ovember 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de partment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for privat e pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

1—3.略 4.法布封《自然史》5. 天然野生外在特征 6. 人类驯养的马:勇毅、驯良,被人奴 役,当成玩物;天然野生的马:有美质、美德和美貌。 〔开放性作业〕 1. 略 2. 写人工驯养的马,流露出作者对人工驯养的马的深刻同情;写了天然野生的马,流 露出作者对自由生活着的马匹由衷的赞美。3. 对比的写作手法。好处:多次运用对比,突出 了两种生存状态的马的不同特点,也使文章更具形象性,生动性。4.马额上覆着妍丽的毛、 编成细辫的项鬣、盖满身体的丝绸和锦毡等一切视马为玩物、无视马的天性的装饰物品。因 为蹄铁只能有限地束缚马的身体,而“这一切” ,却使马失去与它的伙伴的平等地位,沦为人 类的奴隶和玩物, 马之为马的特性丧失殆尽, 精神的泯灭是最大的悲哀。 5. 不攻击其他动物; 不和别的动物和同类争夺食物。6. “以丧失自由而开始”指马一出生就受到人的照顾,被人 喂养,而不是自由自在地去寻找食物; “以接受束缚而告终”既指人对马的束缚和禁锢,也指 马从思想上接受服从的观念。 30 狼 〔自主性探究〕 1—5 略 6. 惧狼杀狼 7.课文最后一自然段 〔开放性作业〕 1.①途中两狼,缀行甚远。②一狼得骨止,一狼仍从。③复投之,后狼止而前狼又至。④骨 已尽矣,而两狼之并驱如故。2. “惧” “投以骨” “复投之”等表现了屠户的害怕心理和侥幸 心理; “顾” “奔倚” “弛” “持”等,表现了屠户丢掉幻想,准备抵抗并且开始行动,也表现 了他的机智。3.提示:像狼一样的恶人,不论怎样狡诈,终归是要失败的;对待像狼一样的 恶人,不能存有幻想,必须敢于斗争,善于斗争,才能取得胜利。4.D5.其一/犬坐于前 6. 略 7. ①目似瞑②意暇甚③盖以诱敌④意将隧入以攻其后也 〔拓展性学习〕 1.①偷看②只,仅仅③咬④用蹄子踢 2 ①老虎见了它,是巨大的样子,把它当作神奇的东 西了。②驴禁不住发起怒来,用蹄子踢老虎。3 ①以为神②莫相知③以为且噬己也④觉无异 能者⑤终不敢搏⑥技止此耳 4 C5 史铁生发现断壁残垣、冉冉红日以及丛草密林散发出生 命的气息。6 示例:歌声,像小溪,像轻风,像白云,穿过树林,掠过村庄,飘过山冈,一 直传到很远的地方。 第六单元综合练习 一、积累运用 1. B2. A3. A4. D5. B6. A7. C8 示例:我却说:语文是碗沁人心脾、芳香宜人的清茶,学 语文就是细细品味。我却说:语文就是一条清澈见底的清泉,学语文能净化人的心灵。 二、阅读理解 9.困窘靠闲暇睡觉 10. A11.C12.①一会儿,一条狼径直走开,其中一条狼像狗一样蹲坐在 前面。②禽兽的欺骗手段能有多少啊,只是增加笑料罢了。13.略 14.作者这样写的用意是多方面的,一是铺陈渲染,写戈壁、沙漠、草原的阳光是为了给写 乡村的阳光作铺垫。二是对比,将二者进行对比突出对乡村阳光的无比热爱。15 ①作者借 助比喻和拈连的修辞把草原牧民挥洒鞭子、纵情高歌的情态写活了。②一个“缠”字把古丝 绸之路的缠绵柔长表现出来了。16 是承上启下的过渡段。这一自然段成了衔接上下文内容 的纽带,承接自然,又引出下面的内容,天衣无缝。17 一是运用拟人的修辞手法,使得“乡 村的阳光”这一意象鲜活,韵味陡升。二是排比的运用使文章气势磅礴、句式整齐、节奏鲜 明。 三、写作表达(略)

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Cl earl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hir d, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 positi ons, but also the natur e of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang , approved civil serva nts positions consum ption standard to "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suitabl e, that most positi ons cons umption pr oject s hould a ccordi ng to policy provide s proposed unified sta ndard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standard shoul d has ela stic of a nd dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posa l right; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor a udi t approve d Hou to impleme nt ation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on ela sticity of consumpti on to limit consumpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil s ervant with a how t o use pers onal title s ubsidie s, or how to ma nage a pers onal duty consum ption use of subsi dies . Therefore, we must esta blish a nd perfect with public servants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the series of governa nce system s such as t he civi l service examination of responsibilit y, system, low fault investigation system, the re port sai d. While other meas ures to kee p up. Discipline inspection and s upervi sion organs , financial, a uditing departme nts s hould stre ngthen supervisi on a nd inspe ction of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform progre ss, to stre ngthe n the reform of publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization system, meas ures to develop and monit or the impleme ntation of ins pecti on, not consumpti on a s required, eve n shifting cons umer beha vior to stop, seri ous cases t o deal wit h. Thr ee idea s, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform of politics, t he economy and t he de epe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty cons umption as s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its importance and urge ncy. First of all, ci vil servant s es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public s ervants ' duty cons umption there are big draw backs . NPC

deputies and CPPCC members a nd t he broa d masse s are concerne d about. Se condl y, the

17

positi on-related cons umption of civ il serva nts ha s be en s wept by finance, consume r, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil s ervice position-relate d cons umpti on, a buse, corruption and embe zzleme nt, corruption is important. T he n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existi ng civil duty consum ption manageme nt, expl ores a s our ce to prevent a nd cur b the post cons umpti on corruption way, is currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d resear ch on t his i ssue, thi s problem on s ome humble opi nions. First, the existing publ ic s ervants ' dut y consumpti on t he main problems seen from the inve stigation a nd re asons, i n re cent years , publi c serva nts ' duty cons umption cause d by t he a bus es a nd not a pers on of i ntegrity, i s one of the major probl ems in t he party in G overnme nt, its operation or der have a negative e ffect on the party and G overnme nt organs, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and the Gover nment, undermining the relations hip betwee n party a nd the masses , effect, openi ng up a nd economi c constr ucti on. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons consum ption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon re nderi ng four a features : a is positi on s cons umption system lost has due of bi nding, right is greater tha n rule s, and right is greater t han method of phe nome non more highlight ; II is i n positions consum ption i n the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, w ill positions consum ption i nto has per so nal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers ona l poi nts to, makes pos itions consum ption in s ome as pects has i nto posit i ons e njoy a nd self-dealing of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name , fraud, false im personator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful , and post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual capa cities . Ca used by publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe opl e reflect the biggest pr obl ems are: (a) the official car pr oblem s. Mai nly in t hree as pect s: one is t he larger buse s cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statistics , unt il November 20 03, XX County tow ns hip D epartment bus 159 cars, w hich de par tment owns t he bus 145 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fi nancial expe nse s cost per bus per year t o 35,0 00 yua n, a nd i n fact every cost up to 5 0,000 y uan. Some units al so hiring temporary drivers and expenditure on wages and s ubsidie s. Ne ces sary to "keep a car", but als o "dependants", lea ding to l arger expense s. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong breed unhealthy te nde ncie s. Some people believe that now some bus drivers use one -thir d, one -third l eadi ng private one -third use d for official purpose s. Some public servants, especially le ading officials mot oring, cars for private pur poses, vi olating the self-dis ci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic accide nts. Accor ding t o statistics from related de partments, since 20 04, the correct investigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, car s for private pur poses or

期末综合测试题 一、积累与运用 1. C2.B3.D4. B5. A6. ①诗人农民诗人②《在



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